February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1994
- OF GENERAL INTEREST: INTERNATIONAL POLICY
the UNCED Agenda: The Controversy over Additionality," A.
Jordan (Ctr. Social & Econ. Res. on Global Environ., Univ. E.
Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), Environment, 36(3),
16-20, 26-34, Apr. 1994.
Additionality, the provision of additional funds (not
diversion of current aid) to developing countries to help avert
climate change, ozone loss, and biodiversity loss, was a sore
point at the Earth Summit. Nearly two years later, almost nothing
from Intl. Environ. Affairs, 6(1), Winter 1994:
"Industrialized Countries and Greenhouse Gas
Emissions," A.L. Fish Jr. (Argonne Natl. Lab., 9700 S. Cass
Ave., Argonne IL 60439), D.W. South, 14-44. The
governments of industrialized countries must develop national
plans for compliance with the climate convention. This article
reviews the economic, political and energy supply factors that
affect the positions they have taken, which may differ from their
"Joint Implementation Under the Climate Change
Convention," R. Loske (Wuppertal Inst. for Clim., Environ.
& Energy, Germany), S. Oberthür, 45-58. Discusses the pros
and cons of joint implementation projects, whereby industrialized
countries can support abatement measures in developing countries.
An intense debate exists over whether such projects should
qualify for compliance with the climate convention. The authors
conclude that the potential contribution of joint implementation
is small, and it can only supplement the overall strategy on
from Global Environ. Change, 3(4), Dec. 1993:
"A Note on International Environmental
Indices--Conceptual Developments and Empirical
Applications," A.G. Hoare (Dept. Geography, Univ. Bristol,
Univ. Rd., Bristol BS8 1SS, UK), 357-368. Extends a recent
attempt to produce a composite environmental index for an
individual nation to the international level, and applies the
ideas using data from an international survey of environmental
"Problems of Ratifying International
Agreements--Overcoming Initial Obstacles in the Post-Agreement
Negotiation Process," B.I. Spector (Ctr. Negotiation
Analysis, Potomac, Md.), A.R. Korula, 369-381. Places
ratification negotiations within the larger context of
post-agreement negotiations, with the goal of explaining problems
of treaty implementation, which are worse for multi-issue
treaties. Makes recommendations.
from ibid., 3(3), Sep. 1993:
"The Making of the Global Environmental Facility--An
Actor's Perspective," L. Gan (Ctr. Sci. & Intl. Affairs,
JFK Sch. Govt., Harvard Univ., Cambridge MA 02138), 256-275.
Reviews recent policy development concerning international
assistance on environmental problems through the emerging Global
Environment Facility (GEF). Emphasizes the influence of various
social groups on the process, the roles of governmental and
non-governmental organizations, and the response of the Chinese
government to the GEF.
"Great Lakes Toxic Sediments and Climate Change,"
S.L. Rhodes (ESIG, NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), K.B. Wiley,
292-305. The prospect of declining lake levels from climate
change challenges policy makers to ensure that long-term
environmental policy to remediate toxic sediments is not in
conflict with the potential regional hydrologic impacts of
items from ibid., 3(2), June 1993:
"Development Based on Carrying Capacity--A Strategy for
Environmental Protection," D.I. Carey (Kentucky Geol.
Survey, 228 Mining & Mineral Resour. Bldg., Univ. Kentucky,
Lexington KY 40506), 140-148. Development studies that have
explicitly recognized carrying capacity have shown that this
concept can be used to promote economic activities consistent
with a sustainable social and physical environment.
"Estimating National Greenhouse Gas Emissions Under the
Climate Change Convention," K. Brown (Ctr. Social &
Econ. Res. on Global Environ., Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ,
UK), N. Adger, 149-158. The scope of national inventories will be
critical to the success of the climate convention. This article
explores the problems of defining and measuring aggregate
greenhouse gas emissions in the U.K. The most difficult are those
associated with land use and other "natural" phenomena.
"Conservation and Sequestration of Carbon--The Potential
of Forest and Agroforest Management Practices," R.K. Dixon
(ERL, US EPA, 200 SW 35th St., Corvallis OR 97333), J.K. Winjum,
P.E. Schroeder, 159-173. A biological and economic analysis of
forest establishment and management options from 94 nations
reveals that forestation, agroforestry and silviculture could
sequester one Petagram (Pg) of carbon annually over a 50-year
period, and projects the required costs.
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