February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1994
on Stratospheric Ozone from High-Speed Civil Transport [HSCT]:
Sensitivity to Stratospheric Aerosol Loading," D.K.
Weisenstein (Atmos. & Environ. Res. Inc., 840 Memorial Dr.,
Cambridge MA 02139), M.K.W. Ko et al., J. Geophys. Res., 98(D12),
23,133-23,140, Dec. 20, 1993.
Used a two-dimensional model to show that a fourfold increase
in aerosol loading (by volcanic emissions) would significantly
reduce ozone depletion due to HSCT.
of Supersonic Aircraft Modelling Studies to HNO3 Photolysis
Rate," A.E. Jones (Brit. Antarctic Surv., High Cross,
Madingley Rd., Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK), S. Bekki, J.A. Pyle, Geophys.
Res. Lett., 20(20), 2231-2234, Oct. 22, 1993.
Results demonstrate uncertainty about the impact of aircraft
on ozone chemistry, and about lower stratosphere processes. Under
one scenario, ozone loss at high latitudes will decrease, and
ozone will increase in low to mid-latitudes.
from Sub-Sonic Aircraft Emissions: A Global Three-Dimensional
Model Study," P.S. Kasibhatla (Sch. Geophys. Sci., Georgia
Inst. Technol., Atlanta GA 30332), ibid., 20(16),
1707-1710, Aug. 20.
Results are generally consistent with two-dimensional models.
However, comparisons with measurements suggest that fossil-fuel
combustion, stratospheric NOx production and aircraft emissions
are not the only significant sources of free tropospheric NOy
over Hawaii and Alaska.
of Three-Dimensional Tracer Studies for Two-Dimensional
Assessments of the Impact of Supersonic Aircraft on Stratospheric
Ozone," A.R. Douglass (Lab. Atmos., NASA-Goddard, Greenbelt
MD 20771), R.B. Rood et al., J. Geophys. Res., 98(D5),
8949-8963, May 20, 1993.
Model results for the transport and dispersion of aircraft
exhaust tracer suggest that, although more tracer from the
tropical flight corridor is transported to higher altitude than
from other corridors, one corridor is not inherently more or less
polluting than another.
of Aircraft Engine Exhaust in the Stratosphere: Implications for
Calculated Ozone Depletions," J.M. Rodríguez (Atmos. &
Environ. Res. Inc., 840 Memorial Dr., Cambridge MA 02139), R.-L.
Shia et al., Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(1), 69-72,
Jan. 1, 1994.
from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D12), Dec. 20, 1993:
"North Atlantic Air Traffic Within the Lower
Stratosphere: Cruising Times and Corresponding Emissions,"
K.P. Hoinka (Inst. Phys. Atmos., DLR, Postfach 1116, 82230
Wessling, Ger.), M.E. Reinhardt, W. Metz, 23,113-23,131.
"High-Speed Civil Transport Impact: Role of Sulfate,
Nitric Acid Trihydrate, and Ice Aerosols Studied with a
Two-Dimensional Model Including Aerosol Physics," G. Pitari
(Univ. degli Studi, 67010 Coppito, Aquila, Italy), V. Rizi et
Flow Reactor Measurements of the Reaction SO3 + H2O + M
Implications for Gaseous H2SO4 and Aerosol Formation in the
Plumes of Jet Aircraft," Th. Reiner (M. Planck Inst.
Kernphys., Postfach 103980, 6900 Heidelberg, Ger.), F. Arnold, Geophys.
Res. Lett., 20(23), 2659-2662, Dec. 14, 1993.
Oxide Emissions from the High-Temperature Viscous Boundary Layers
of Hypersonic Aircraft Within the Stratosphere," S.B. Brooks
(Dept. Mech. Eng., Catholic Univ., Washington DC 20064), M.J.
Lewis, R.R. Dickerson, J. Geophys. Res., 98(D9),
16,755-16,760, Sep. 20, 1993.
Heterogeneous Interaction of NO2 with Amorphous Carbon," K.
Tabor (Lab. Air & Soil Pollut. Stud., Swiss Fed. Inst.
Technol., CH-1015 Lausanne, Switz.), L. Gutzwiller, M.J. Rossi, Geophys.
Res. Lett., 20(14), 1431-1434, July 23, 1993. In
engine wakes, NO oxidation by O2 is accelerated.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations