February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1994
- OF GENERAL INTEREST: POLICY
Environmental Politics: Lessons from Montreal," J. Kauffman
(Kennedy Sch. Govt., Harvard Univ., Cambridge MA 02142), Environ.
Impact Assessment Rev., 14(1), 3-9, Jan. 1994.
Experience shows that the Protocol may not serve as a model
for future negotiations on global environmental problems, but
several important lessons have emerged. The central question with
these problems is how to make a transition to a sustainable
global economic system. There is likely to be greater reliance on
international organizations to deal with the consequences of
industrial progress; the cooperation of developing countries is
essential; and public pressure for dealing with such problems at
the national level is likely to persist.
Global Treaties," N. Choucri (Dept. Political Sci., Mass.
Inst. Technol., Cambridge MA 02142), J. Sundgren, P.M. Haas, Nature, 367(6462),
405, Feb. 3, 1994.
Gives brief results of a study of the level of participation
of different countries in multilateral environmental accords,
from 1920 to 1990. China's growing involvement, in particular, is
an encouraging sign.
and Cognitive Obstacles to Political Consensus on Climatic
Change," L.J. Nilsson (Dept. Environ. Stud., Lund Inst.
Technol., Univ. Lund, Sweden), Clim. Change, 25(2),
93-96, Oct. 1993.
An editorial drawing on results of a project titled Cultural
and Techno-Ecological Constraints and Opportunities for Natural
Resource Management, funded by a Swedish agency. The relative
lack of progress in international negotiations on climate change
can be largely attributed to fundamental obstacles that apply to
the use of scientific information in public policy and debate,
including scientific uncertainty, the situational context of
different actors, and our cognitive limitations.
Global Environmental Facility Pilot Phase," A. Wood (WWF
Intl., CH-1196 Gland, Switz.), Intl. Environ. Affairs, 5(3),
219-255, Summer 1993.
A detailed evaluation of the first, three-year phase of the
GEF from the standpoint of the World Wide Fund for
Nature--International, based on World Bank documents and
interviews with GEF operational managers. Gives high marks to the
management and staff of the GEF and the implementing agencies,
but finds that the mandate of the Facility poses a fundamental
problem. Established to fund innovative projects that benefit the
global environment, the GEF has paradoxically neglected to
address the policy failures that exist between the pursuit of
economic growth and environmental protection.
Valuation: How Much Is the Emperor Wearing?" A. Stirling
(Sci. Policy Res. Unit, Univ. Sussex, UK), The Ecologist, 23(3),
97-103, May-June 1993.
Some economists seek a monetary evaluation of environmental
effects as an objective measure for making policy, yet estimates
for electricity generation, for example, which differ by a factor
of up to 50,000, suggest a fundamental flaw in this approach.
Adoption of monetary valuation threatens to remove decision
making from public debate and place it in the hands of a small
group of technocrats.
Issue: "Environmental Policy in the European Community:
Analyzing the Interplay of National and EC Policies," H.
Bezemer (Leiden Univ., Neth.), J.W.C. Peereboom, Eds., Science
of the Total Environ., 129(1-2), Feb. 6, 1993
(Elsevier). The following appear with 10 other articles:
"Is an Environmentally Sustainable Future for the
European Community Compatible with Continued Growth: Carbon
Dioxide and the Management of Greed," M. Slesser (Resour.
Use Inst., 12 Findhorn Pl., Edinburgh EH9, UK), 191-203. Explores
a method for computing the longer term outcome of policies,
considering the case of the EC as a single economy in the
specific case of the CO2 problem.
"Legal Grounds of European Environmental Policy,"
J.H. Jans (Ctr. Environ. Law, Univ. Amsterdam, POB 1030, 1000 BA
Amsterdam, Neth.), 7-17.
"The Implementation of EC Environmental Directives: The
Gap Between Law and Practice," G. Bennet (Inst. European
Environ. Policy, Jansbuitensingel 14, 6811 AB Arnhem, Neth.),
"The Scope for Economic Instruments of Environmental
Policy in the EC," J.B. Vos (DHV Environ. &
Infrastructure, POB 1076, 3800 BB Amersfoort, Neth.), 29-38.
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