February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 7, JULY 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... OF GENERAL INTEREST: MITIGATION
Fuel and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Technologies," M.
Steinberg (Dept. Appl. Sci., Brookhaven Natl. Lab., Upton NY
11973), Intl. J. Hydrogen Energy, 19(8), 659-665,
Assesses options such as improved energy utilization
efficiency, fuel switching, non-fossil energy sources, and pre-
and post-removal of CO2 from central power stations. Another
option is pre-combustion conversion of fossil fuel to a
carbon-rich fraction and a hydrogen-rich fraction, storing the
former, and using only the latter. By co-processing with the
biomass, the CO2 emission from fossil fuels can be reduced to
of Radiative Forcing Impacts of the Use of Wood, Peat, and Fossil
Fuels," I. Savolainen (Tech. Res. Ctr. Finland--VTT, POB
1606, FIN-02044 VTT, Finland), K. Hillebrand et al., World
Resour. Rev., 6(2), 248-262, June 1994.
Radiative forcing impacts for CO2, methane and nitrous oxide
are calculated as a function of time over the whole energy
production chain and subsequent use of the wood- or
peat-production site. Coal and conventional (non-cultivated) peat
cause the greatest impact, while forest residues, planted stands
and unused merchantable wood cause the least impact per unit of
primary energy expended.
Warming Impact on the Cement and Aggregates Industries," J.
Davidovits (Geopolymer Inst., Cordi-Géopolymère SA, 20 rue de
la Fère, F-02100 St.-Quentin, France), World Resour. Rev., 6(2),
263-278, June 1994.
Each ton of ordinary Portland cement, used in the aggregates
industries, adds about a ton of CO2 to the atmosphere.
Stabilization of world CO2 emissions at 1990 levels is
incompatible with the high needs for cement for development in
the less industrialized countries, and a carbon tax could as much
as double the price of cement. An alternative is to use novel
geopolymeric poly(sialate-siloxo) cements, which would reduce CO2
production by the cement and aggregates industries by 80%.
Australian Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Emissions," B.P.
Jones (Australian Bur. Agric. & Resour. Econ.--ABARE, GPO Box
1563, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia), Z.-Y. Peng, B. Naughten, Energy
Policy, 22(4), 270-286, Apr. 1994.
A detailed model analysis of the policy implications of
reducing greenhouse gas emissions shows that the target adopted
by the Australian government can be met, but only with
substantial change in the energy sector, at a substantial cost.
These changes, especially in electricity generation and the use
of renewable resources, have important macroeconomic
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