February 28, 2007
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A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... TROPOSPHERIC AEROSOLS
Distribution and Scattering Phase Function of Aerosol Particles
Retrieved from Sky Brightness Measurements," Y.J. Kaufman
(NASA-Goddard, Code 913, Greenbelt MD 20771), A. Gitelson et al., J.
Geophys. Res., 99(D5), 10,341-10,356, May 20, 1994.
Ground-based measurements of the solar transmission and sky
radiance in a horizontal plane through the Sun were taken in
several geographical regions of the world and various aerosol
types (smoke, sulfate, dust, maritime aerosol). A combination of
such measurements can be used to assess the direct forcing and
climatic impact of aerosol, which can be validated in field
from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D10), Oct. 20, 1993:
"A Theoretical Study of the Effect of Relative Humidity
on Light Scattering by Tropospheric Aerosols," D. Hegg
(Dept. Atmos. Sci., Univ. Washington, AK-40, Seattle WA 98195),
T. Larson, P.-F. Yuen, 18,435-18,439. When the initial dry
aerosol size distribution relative to the efficient light
scattering particle size range is taken into account, rural
aerosols have larger growth factors than those currently used in
assessing the impact of aerosols.
"Comparison of Trends in the Tropospheric and
Stratospheric Aerosol Optical Depths in the Antarctic," A.
Herber (Wegener Inst. Polar & Mar. Res., Postfach 60 01 49,
D-14401 Potsdam, Ger.), L.W. Thomason et al., 18,441-18,447. The
stratospheric aerosol optical depth in the Antarctic represents
about 25% of the total depth. Total optical depth shows no
long-term trend for 1956-1988.
from J. Geophys. Res., 98(D11), Nov. 20, 1993:
"Transport and Residence Times of Tropospheric Aerosols
Inferred from a Global Three-Dimensional Simulation of
210Pb," Y.J. Balkanski (CEA-DSM, CE Saclay, Orme Merisiers,
Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France), D.J. Jacob et al., 20,573-20,586.
"Atmospheric Nuclei in the Pacific Midtroposphere: Their
Nature, Concentration, and Evolution," A.D. Clarke (Sch.
Ocean & Earth Sci. & Technol., 1000 Pope Rd., Mar. Sci.
502, Univ. Hawaii, Honolulu HI 96822), 20,633-20,647.
Optical Thickness and Atmospheric Path Radiance," Y.J.
Kaufman (NASA-Goddard, Greenbelt MD 20771), ibid., 98(D2),
2677-2692, Feb. 20, 1993.
from ibid., 98(D1), Jan. 20, 1993:
"Submicron Particle, Radon, and Soot Carbon
Characteristics over the Northeast Atlantic," C.D. O'Dowd
(UMIST, POB 88, Manchester M60 1QD, UK), M.H. Smith, 1123-1135.
"Physicochemical Properties of Aerosols over the
Northeast Atlantic: Evidence for Wind-Speed-Related Submicron
Sea-Salt Aerosol Production," C.D. O'Dowd (addr. immed.
above), M.H. Smith, 1137-1149.
Soluble Organic Constituents in Arctic Aerosols and Snow
Pack," S.-M. Li (Atmos. Environ. Serv., 4905 Dufferin St.,
Downsview ON M3H 5T4, Can.), J.W. Winchester, Geophys. Res.
Lett., 20(1), 45-48, Jan. 8, 1993. Quantifying the
water soluble composition of aerosols may help in estimating
their relative importance in radiative forcing.
of Atmospheric Particulate Matter over the North Sea and the
Atlantic Ocean," R. Losno (UA CNRS 1404, Univ. Paris 7, 2
pl. Jussieu, 75251 Paris Cedex 05, France), G. Bergametti, P.
Carlier, J. Atmos. Chem., 15(3&4), 333-352,
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