February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1994
from Energy Policy, 22(1), Jan. 1994:
"Energy Policies for Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries," K.L. Abdalla (U.N. Econ. & Soc.
Comm. for Western Asia, POB 927124, Amman, Jordan), 29-36.
Short-term policies, such as conservation, tend to be
energy-specific; long-term policies involve resource development
and use. Economic and institutional barriers may impede the
effectiveness of policies.
"Reducing Gasoline Use: A Multipronged Approach,"
M.E. Norman (Ctr. Energy & Environ., Univ. Pennsylvania,
Meyerson Hall, Philadelphia PA 19104), 37-39. A combination of
gasoline tax, attribute-based CAFE standards, and other measures
such as alternative fuels and public transit could be very
Heating Systems and Energy Conservation--Part II," L.
Gustavsson (Dept. Environ. Studies, Lund Univ., Gerdagatan 13,
S-223 62 Lund, Swed.), Energy, 19(1), 93-102, Jan.
The impact of energy conservation in a Swedish system between
1978 and 2010 on the use of district-heat production is estimated
with an end-use approach. Cogeneration with biomass and energy
conservation will strongly reduce CO2 emissions compared to the
use of fossil fuels without conservation.
'Least-Cost' Is Wrong," R.L. Borlich, Public Util.
Fortnightly, 27-32, 34, Jan. 1, 1994.
Proposes a cost-benefit test based on maximizing the
customers' net economic benefits, taking into account external
costs such as those from adverse environmental impacts.
Paradox in Paradise: A Case Study of Hawaii," V.D. Phillips
(College Tropical Agriculture, Univ. Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu HI
96822), A.V. Chuveliov, P.K. Takahashi, Appl. Energy, 47(4),
Gives a comprehensive economic analyis of two energy scenarios
in Hawaii through the next century: "business-as-usual"
based on fossil fuels, and one based on indigenous, renewable
Cost, and Carbon Dioxide Optimization of Disaggregated, Regional
Energy-Supply Systems," H.-M. Groscurth (Inst. Energy Econ.,
Univ. Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 31, D-7000 Stuttgart 80, Ger.),
Th. Bruckner, R. Kümmel, Energy, 18(12),
1187-1205, Dec. 1993.
Describes two models that predict the optimum combination of
energy conservation options to reduce energy input and CO2
items from Energy Policy, 21(11), Nov. 1993:
"Prospects for the Power Sector in Nine Developing
Countries," S. Meyers (Intl. Energy Stud. Group, Lawrence
Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA 94720), N. Goldman et al., 1123-1132.
Improvements in supply and end-use efficiency are less expensive
than adding generating capacity. Utilities should incorporate
non-utility generation and demand-side management into their
"How to Get the Birds in the Bush into Your Hand: Results
from a Danish Research Project on Electricity Savings," L.
Nielsen, 1133-1144. Investigates opportunities and barriers for
electricity conservation, and finds that lifestyle, as well as
socioeconomic characteristics, are important to consumption and
from Energy Econ., 15(4), Oct. 1993:
"Market Barriers to Energy Efficiency," R.B. Howarth
(Environ. Stud. Bd., Univ. California, Santa Cruz CA 95064), B.
Andersson, 262-272. Lack of information and transaction costs may
prevent consumers from purchasing the most efficient devices.
Such market barriers suggest a role for regulatory intervention
to improve market performance at prevailing energy prices.
"Conceptual Energy and Environmental Problems of Economic
Policy in the Former USSR," A.S. Nekrasov (Inst. Econ.
Forecasting RAS, 32 Krasikova Str., Moscow 117418, Russ.),
273-284. Conservation is the best option to ensure stabilization
of energy production in the near future. Energy and the
environment are important components of current economic
Responses to Environmental Externalities in Electric Power,"
T.R. Curlee (Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., MS 6205, Oak Ridge TN 37831), Energy
Pol., 21(9), 926-936, Sep. 1993.
The use of economic incentives to achieve environmental
objectives will require careful evaluation and communication of
the pros and cons, and the willingness of policy makers and the
public to appreciate the benefits and tolerate the compromises.
demand-side management (DSM), Publ. Util. Fortnightly, May
"A Bright Idea for Industry," C. Bartsch, D. Devaul,
16, 18, 52-53. New legislation promotes partnerships between
utilities and industry to find and implement energy efficiency
"A Losing Proposition for Customers," D.A. Houston,
17, 19, 54-55. Government-subsidized DSM programs for industry
will be detrimental to market development and to other energy
"All in the Family," M. Jacobson, C.D. Alford,
20-21, 23. DSM life cycle models can help utilities anticipate
the types of planning, implementation, evaluation tools, and data
"Charge It," J.P. Pfeifenberger, D.M. Weinstein,
24-26. An example shows how financing programs can reduce
undesirable rate effects, allocate DSM costs equitably, and
maintain high DSM participation rates.
Effects of an Increase in the Motor Fuels Excise Tax on the U.S.
Economy," R. Boyd, N.D. Uri (Commodity Econ. Div., Econ.
Res. Serv., U.S. Dept. Agric., 1301 New York Ave. NW, Washington
DC 20005), Energy, 19(2), 211-226, Feb. 1994.
Status of Energy Standards for Buildings," K.B. Janda
(Energy Analysis Prog., Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley CA
94720), J.F. Busch, Energy, 19(1), 27-44, Jan.
from Energy, 18(11), Nov. 1993:
"Quantifying Regulatory Disincentives to Utility DSM
Programs," E. Hirst (Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., POB 2008, Oak
Ridge TN 37831), E. Blank, 1091-1105.
"An Integrated Resource Planning Model Considering
Customer Value, Emissions, and Regional Economic Impacts,"
D.T. Hoog (Synergic Resour. Corp., 111 Presidential Blvd., Bala
Cynwyd PA 19004), B.F. Hobbs, 1153-1160.
Econometric Analysis of Residential Expenditures on Energy
Conservation and Renewable Energy Sources," J.E. Long (Dept.
Econ., Auburn Univ., 415 W. Magnolia-Rm. 203, Auburn AL 36849), Energy
Econ., 15(3), 232-238, Oct. 1993.
from Energy J., 14(4), Oct. 1993:
"Another Look at U.S. Passenger Vehicle Use and the
'Rebound' Effect from Improved Fuel Efficiency," C.T. Jones
(Coll. Bus. & Publ. Affairs, Murray State Univ., Murray KY
"Irreversible Price-Induced Efficiency Improvements:
Theory and Empirical Application to Road Transportation,"
I.O. Walker (OPEC Secretariat, Obere Donaustr. 93, A-1020 Vienna,
Austria), F. Wirl, 183-205.
from Energy Econ., 15(3), July 1993:
"An Evaluation of the Effects of the Tax on Refined
Petroleum Products in the Philippines," N.D. Uri (Econ. Res.
Serv., USDA, Washington, D.C.), R. Boyd, 154-165.
"Least Cost Selection of Energy Conservation Measures for
Regulated Gas Utilities," V.A. Greenberg (Energy Info.
Adminis., US DOE, Washington, D.C.), S.L. Harshbarger, 166-175.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations