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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBERS 11-12, NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 1994

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: HYDROLOGY


Item #d94nov11

"Drought in the Rain Forest: Effects of the 1991 El Niņo-Southern Oscillation [ENSO] Event on a Rural Economy in West Kalimantan, Indonesia," N. Salafsky (World Wildlife Fund, 1250 24th St. NW, Washington DC 20037), Clim. Change, 27(4), 373-396, Aug. 1994.

Analysis of rainfall data indicates that dry periods are often linked to ENSO events, and that their intensity has been increasing over the past two or three decades. Suggests that decision makers plan accordingly to reduce economic hardship resulting from effects of periodic drought.


Item #d94nov12

"Global Climate Changes and Moisture Conditions in the Intracontinental Arid Zones," A.G. Lapenis (Dept. Earth Sys. Sci., New York Univ., New York NY 10003), M.V. Shabalova, ibid., 27(3), 283-297, July 1994.

Estimated the response of the African monsoon area, using a two-dimensional water vapor transport model coupled with a carbon cycle model, that accounted for a positive feedback between precipitation and root system development. For a system comprising forest, savannah, semi-desert and desert, a new steady state is reached in about 1500 years. Results compare favorably with paleoprecipitation and paleotemperature data.


Item #d94nov13

"Responses of Arid and Semiarid Watersheds to Increasing Carbon Dioxide and Climate Change as Shown by Simulation Studies," J.W. Skiles (NASA-Ames, MS 242-4, Moffet Field CA 94035), J.D. Hanson, ibid., 26(4), 377-397, Apr. 1994.

Used a comprehensive ecosystem model to examine the effects of changes in precipitation, temperature, and CO2-induced plant function characteristics on small-basin runoff. For arid and semiarid watersheds of the western U.S., there will be little change, or an actual decrease in surface runoff due to increased CO2.


Item #d94nov14

"Policy Response on Water Resources Management Resulting from Double CO2 Climate: A Case Study in Three Contrasting River Basins in Indonesia," D. Murdiyarso (Dept. Geophys. & Meteor., Bogor Agric. Univ., Jl. Raya Pajajaran, Bogor 16143, Indonesia), World Resour. Rev., 6(1), 27-39, Mar. 1994.

A simulation using the GISS model showed that changes in temperature and rainfall will significantly affect water resources. Suggests an integrated policy which includes linkages between upper and lower river basins and linkages among management institutions.

Specialized Papers


Item #d94nov15

"Some Assessments of the Potential 2 x CO2 Climatic Effects on Water Balance Components in the Eastern Mediterranean," M. Segal (Dept. Agron., Iowa State Univ., Ames IA 50011), P. Alpert et al., Clim. Change, 27(4), 351-371, Aug. 1994.


Item #d94nov16

"Effect of Storm Clustering on Water Balance Estimates and Its Implications for Climate Impact Assessment," D. Wang (Dept. Geol., Miami Univ., Oxford OH 45056), L. Mayer, ibid., 27(3), 321-342, July 1994. Changes in climatic variability, such as storm delivery patterns, may impact water resource availability.


Item #d94nov17

"Estimation of Impact of Climate Change on the Peak Discharge Probability of the River Rhine," J. Kwadijk (Dept. Phys. Geog., Univ. Utrecht, POB 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, Neth.), H. Middelkoop, ibid., 27(2), 199-224, June 1994.


Item #d94nov18

"Simulation of Streamflow in a Macroscale Watershed Using General Circulation Model Data," G.W. Kite (Natl. Hydrol. Res. Inst., 11 Innovation Blvd., Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5, Can.), A. Dalton, K. Dion, Water Resour. Res., 30(5), 1547-1559, May 1994.


Item #d94nov19

"Climate Change and Altered Runoff in the Semiarid Portion of Mono Basin, California," C.A. Kent (Dept. Geog., Univ. Wisconsin, Madison WI 53706), M.L. Shelton, Phys. Geog., 15(1), 38-51, Jan.-Feb. 1994.


Item #d94nov20

"Applications of a GIS for Modeling the Sensitivity of Water Resources to Alterations in Climate in the Gunnison River Basin, Colorado," W.A. Battaglin (USGS, POB 25046, MS 406, Denver Fed. Ctr., Lakewood CO 80225), L.E. Hay et al., Water Resour. Bull., 25(6), 1021-1028, Dec. 1993.

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