February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBERS 11-12, NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: HYDROLOGY
in the Rain Forest: Effects of the 1991 El Niņo-Southern
Oscillation [ENSO] Event on a Rural Economy in West Kalimantan,
Indonesia," N. Salafsky (World Wildlife Fund, 1250 24th St.
NW, Washington DC 20037), Clim. Change, 27(4),
373-396, Aug. 1994.
Analysis of rainfall data indicates that dry periods are often
linked to ENSO events, and that their intensity has been
increasing over the past two or three decades. Suggests that
decision makers plan accordingly to reduce economic hardship
resulting from effects of periodic drought.
Climate Changes and Moisture Conditions in the Intracontinental
Arid Zones," A.G. Lapenis (Dept. Earth Sys. Sci., New York
Univ., New York NY 10003), M.V. Shabalova, ibid., 27(3),
283-297, July 1994.
Estimated the response of the African monsoon area, using a
two-dimensional water vapor transport model coupled with a carbon
cycle model, that accounted for a positive feedback between
precipitation and root system development. For a system
comprising forest, savannah, semi-desert and desert, a new steady
state is reached in about 1500 years. Results compare favorably
with paleoprecipitation and paleotemperature data.
of Arid and Semiarid Watersheds to Increasing Carbon Dioxide and
Climate Change as Shown by Simulation Studies," J.W. Skiles
(NASA-Ames, MS 242-4, Moffet Field CA 94035), J.D. Hanson, ibid., 26(4),
377-397, Apr. 1994.
Used a comprehensive ecosystem model to examine the effects of
changes in precipitation, temperature, and CO2-induced plant
function characteristics on small-basin runoff. For arid and
semiarid watersheds of the western U.S., there will be little
change, or an actual decrease in surface runoff due to increased
Response on Water Resources Management Resulting from Double CO2
Climate: A Case Study in Three Contrasting River Basins in
Indonesia," D. Murdiyarso (Dept. Geophys. & Meteor.,
Bogor Agric. Univ., Jl. Raya Pajajaran, Bogor 16143, Indonesia), World
Resour. Rev., 6(1), 27-39, Mar. 1994.
A simulation using the GISS model showed that changes in
temperature and rainfall will significantly affect water
resources. Suggests an integrated policy which includes linkages
between upper and lower river basins and linkages among
Assessments of the Potential 2 x CO2 Climatic Effects on Water
Balance Components in the Eastern Mediterranean," M. Segal
(Dept. Agron., Iowa State Univ., Ames IA 50011), P. Alpert et
al., Clim. Change, 27(4), 351-371, Aug. 1994.
of Storm Clustering on Water Balance Estimates and Its
Implications for Climate Impact Assessment," D. Wang (Dept.
Geol., Miami Univ., Oxford OH 45056), L. Mayer, ibid., 27(3),
321-342, July 1994. Changes in climatic variability, such as
storm delivery patterns, may impact water resource availability.
of Impact of Climate Change on the Peak Discharge Probability of
the River Rhine," J. Kwadijk (Dept. Phys. Geog., Univ.
Utrecht, POB 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, Neth.), H. Middelkoop, ibid., 27(2),
199-224, June 1994.
of Streamflow in a Macroscale Watershed Using General Circulation
Model Data," G.W. Kite (Natl. Hydrol. Res. Inst., 11
Innovation Blvd., Saskatoon, SK S7N 3H5, Can.), A. Dalton, K.
Dion, Water Resour. Res., 30(5), 1547-1559, May
Change and Altered Runoff in the Semiarid Portion of Mono Basin,
California," C.A. Kent (Dept. Geog., Univ. Wisconsin,
Madison WI 53706), M.L. Shelton, Phys. Geog., 15(1),
38-51, Jan.-Feb. 1994.
of a GIS for Modeling the Sensitivity of Water Resources to
Alterations in Climate in the Gunnison River Basin,
Colorado," W.A. Battaglin (USGS, POB 25046, MS 406, Denver
Fed. Ctr., Lakewood CO 80225), L.E. Hay et al., Water Resour.
Bull., 25(6), 1021-1028, Dec. 1993.
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