February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1994
REPORTS... ENERGY: TRANSPORTATION ENERGY
At the Crossroads, U.S. Dept. Energy, 24 pp., July 1994. (See
Energy from Biomass, immed. above.)
Keys to the Car: Electric and Hydrogen Vehicles for the 21st
Century, J.J. MacKenzie, 127 pp., May 1994, $14.95 pbk. Order
from WRI (World Resour. Inst.) Publications, POB 4852, Hampden
Sta., Baltimore MD 21211 (800-822-0504 or 410-516-6963); Drake
Marketing Services, St. Fagan's Rd., Fairwater, Cardiff, Wales
CF5 3AE, UK (tel: 02-22-56033).
Cars and trucks account for about 25% of U.S. CO2 emissions,
and electric vehicles would greatly cut these emissions. None of
the alternative fuels being considered would deliver as many
benefits. Recharging vehicle batteries from conventional electric
sources would cause far fewer emissions than from conventional
on Track: The Global Rail Revival (Worldwatch Paper 118),
M.D. Lowe, 54 pp., Apr. 1994, $5 (Worldwatch).
Although road building and car production still dominate
transportation budgets worldwide, planning models, and practical
experience are showing that a move to trains can foster economic
growth, save lives and energy, and stem pollution. Recent studies
indicate that rail can make new airports unnecessary,
particularly for short trips. Improvements to the Boston-New York
rail corridor, for example, could displace 50 flights per day and
eliminate Boston's proposed second airport at a fraction of the
Out Pollution: The Benefits of Electric Vehicles, R. Hwang,
M. Miller et al., 20 pp., 1994, $3 (UCS).
When compared to conventional vehicles, electric vehicles
would significantly reduce emissions of cary 60%.bon monoxide,
nitrogen oxides, and VOCs, and reduce CO2 emissions b
for Using Renewable to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions from
Electric Vehicles in the Northeast: An Analysis of the Northeast
Utility Grid, Electric Vehicles, and Renewable Energy, May
1994, $30/$15 nonprofitResources s & govt. Order from
NESCAUM (Northeast States for Coordinated Air Use Mgmt.), 129
Portland St., Boston MA 02114.
If 3.3 million electric vehicles were in service by 2015,
11,800 Gigawatt-hours of electricity would be required and could
be supplied through renewable resources.
Route to Cleaner Cars: Curves Ahead, 1994, $10. Available
from EESI (Environ. & Energy Study Inst.), 122 C St. NW, S.
700, Washington DC 20001 (202-628-1400).
Update on the U.S. government-industry "clean car"
initiative, based on a Congressional hearing held in March.
Reduction Credits from Old Cars: The Economics of the Delaware
Vehicle Retirement Program (Discussion Paper 94-27), A.
Alberini, D. Edelstein et al., 1994, $3 (RFF).
The removal of cars manufactured before 1980 could eliminate a
large percentage of some emissions. Accelerated
vehicle-retirement (AVR) programs purchase, then scrap, older
cars to ameliorate this source of air pollution. This report
analyzes the effectiveness of such programs based on experience
in one state.
additional discussion papers from RFF.
Estimating an Emissions Supply Function from Accelerated
Vehicle Retirement Programs (No. 94-09), A. Alberini, W.
Harrington, V. McConnell, 1994, $3.
Shifting Gears: New Directions for Cars and Clean Air
(No. 94-26), W. Harrington, M.A. Walls, V. McConnell, 1994, $3.
an Alternative Transportation Fuel. Air Pollution and Greenhouse
Gas Impacts, 150 pp., 1993, $38/FF220/DM65 (OECD).
Synthesizes the available literature on alternative fuels,
with attention to their air pollution impacts. Presents a new
analysis of how the entire production and use-cycle of current
and alternative fuels contributes to greenhouse gas emissions,
and makes recommendations regarding transition strategies for
using alternative fuels.
reports from ACEEE:
An Updated Assessment of the Near-Term Potential For
Improving Automotive Fuel Economy, J. DeCicco, M. Ross, 70
pp., Oct. 1993, $10. Focuses on the cost effectiveness and energy
savings potential of currently available and advanced fuel
efficiency measures. U.S. fuel economy could be increased by 65%
over 10 years at modest cost.
Transportation on a Greenhouse Planet: A Least-Cost
Transition Scenario for the United States, J. DeCicco, S.
Bernow et al., 40 pp., 1993, $10. Shows how an environmentally
sound transportation policy can cost effectively cut air
pollution, including reducing CO2 emissions by one half.
A Critique of the National Research Council Study of the
Potential for Improving Automobile Fuel Economy, J. DeCicco,
13 pp., 1992, $5. Disagrees with the conclusion of a 1992 NRC
study that only modest improvements in new car fuel economy would
be possible in the next 15 years.
The Greenish Machine: On the Road to Reduced CO2 Emissions
Via Alternative Fuels and Higher Fuel Economy, J. DeCicco, 30
pp., 1992, $8. There is much overlap between efficiency
improvement technologies and alternative fuels utilization; thus,
improving fuel economy can facilitate a long-term switch to
the Prices Right--A European Scheme for Making Transport Pay Its
True Costs, 1993, approx. $40. Order from European Federation
for Transport & Environ., Rue de la Victoire 26, 1060
Brussels, Belg. (tel: +32-2-537-6639; fax: +32-2-537-7394).
Price of Mobility. Uncovering the Hidden Costs of Transportation,
J. Miller, J. Moffet, 1993, $8.95. Contact Natural Resour.
Defense Council, 40 W. 20th St., New York NY 10011 (tel:
212-727-2700; fax: 212-727-1773).
Estimates the total social costs of using trains, buses and
automobiles to be a quarter of the gross national product. The
cost per passenger mile traveled for CO2 is $0.06 to $0.12.
Transportation for the Future: An Exploration of the Comparative
Advantages of Electricity and Natural Gas as Transportation Fuels,
Mills McCarthy Assoc., 1993 (Western Fuels Assoc.).
Casts doubt on gas as the fuel of choice in transportation if
CO2 and global warming are the concern; recommends electricity as
the preferable fuel.
of Transportation Growth in Asia and Its Effects on Energy Use,
the Environment, and Traffic Congestion: Case Study of. . ,
1992, four volumes. Order from Publications, Intl. Inst. Energy
Conserv., 750 First St., S. 940, Washington DC 20002.
Publications are free to individuals and organizations in
developing countries; prices for others are $13 in the U.S. and
Consists of a series of four reports on these cities: Bangkok,
Thailand, by P. Sayeg et al. (87 pp.); Islamabad, Pakistan, by J.
Masud (114 pp.); Surabaya, Indonesia, by W. Gunawan (172 pp.);
and Varanasi, India, by T. Elangovan (117 pp.).
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations