February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1994
PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... EARTH RADIATION BUDGET
Experimental Cloud Lidar Pilot Study (ECLIPS) for Cloud-Radiation
Research," C.M. Platt (CSIRO, PB 1, Mordialloc, Victoria
3195, Australia), S.A. Young et al., Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75(9),
1635-1654, Sep. 1994.
Describes the international scale of this experiment, the
range of data being recorded, and methods for retrieving results
on cloud-base height, extinction coefficient and infrared
emittance. The data are a valuable resource for cloud
parameterizations in models, and for model validations.
Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program: Programmatic
Background and Design of the Cloud and Radiation Test Bed,"
G.M. Stokes (Global Studies Prog., Pacific Northwest Lab.,
Richland, Wash.), S.E. Schwartz, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 75(7),
1201-1221, July 1994.
Outlines the scientific background for the program, its
objectives, how the field facilities respond to these objectives,
and its current status.
Role of the Tropical Super Greenhouse Effect in Heating the
Ocean," D. Lubin (Calif. Space Inst., Univ. California, La
Jolla CA 92093), Science, 265(5169), 224-227, July
8, 1994. (See GCCD, p. 2, Aug. 1994.)
"Photosynthetic Climate in Selected Regions During the
Northern Hemisphere Growing Season," R.T. Pinker (Dept.
Meteor., Univ. Maryland, College Pk. MD 20742), I. Laszlo, F.
Miskolczi, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 8(2),
117-125, June 1994.
Derives from satellite data the first consistent information
on the temporal and spatial variability in photosynthetically
active radiation on a continental scale during a growing season.
Such information can be used to develop new parameterizations of
net primary productivity and evapotranspiration.
"Size Distribution and Scattering Phase Function of Aerosol
Particles Retrieved from Sky Brightness Measurements," Y.J.
Kaufman (NASA-Goddard, Code 913, Greenbelt MD 20771), A. Gitelson
et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99(D5), 10,341-10,356,
May 20, 1994. (See GCCD, p. 8, June 1994.)
"Light Scattering by Nonspherical Particles: Remote Sensing
and Climatic Implications," K.N. Liou (Dept. Meteor./CARSS,
Univ. Utah, Salt Lake City UT 84112), Y. Takano, Atmos. Res., 31(4),
271-298, Apr. 1994.
Calculations of the scattering and absorption properties of
ice crystals and aerosols, which are usually nonspherical, pose
problems because there is no unique theoretical solution for
scattering by nonspherical particles. Using existing laboratory
data and theoretical results, this paper illustrates the
radiation differences between spherical and nonspherical
particles. For instance, equivalent spherical models
substantially underestimate the broadband solar albedos of ice
crystal clouds. Demonstrates some implications of these
differences using a 1-D cloud and climate model.
the Radiation Climate in the Baltic Sea Region Changing?" V.
Russak (Inst. Astrophys. & Atmos. Phys., Toravere, EE2444
Estonia), Ambio, 23(2), 160-163, Mar. 1994. (See GCCD,
p. 5, Aug. 1994.)
from Beitr. Phys. Atmos., 67(1), Feb. 1994: (See GCCD,
p. 5, Aug. 1994.)
"Solar Radiation in Germany: Observed Trends and an
Assessment of Their Causes. Part I: Regional Approach," B.
Liepert (Meteor. Inst. Univ. München, Theresienstr. 37, D-80333
München, Ger.), P. Fabian, H. Grassl, 15-29.
". . .Part II: Detailed Trend Analysis for Hamburg,"
G.C. Grabbe (M. Planck Inst. Meteor., Bundesstr. 55, D-20146
Hamburg, Ger.), H. Grassl, 31-37.
"Global Radiation Climate Change at Seven Sites Remote from
Surface Sources of Pollution," G. Stanhill (Dept. Agric.
Meteor., Agric. Res. Organiz., Bet Dagan, Israel), S. Moreshet, Clim.
Change, 26(1), 89-103, Jan. 1994. (See GCCD, p.
5, Aug. 1994.)
Importance of Atmospheric Chemistry in the Calculation of
Radiative Forcing on the Climate System," D.A. Hauglustaine
(Service d' Aéronomie, CNRS, Univ. Paris VI, BP 102, F-75252
Paris Cedex 05, France), C. Granier et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99(D1),
1173-1186, Jan. 20, 1994. (See GCCD, p. 3, June 1994.)
Significance of Detailed Structure in the Boundary Layer to
Thermal Radiation at the Surface in Climate Models," W. Zhao
(Appl. Res. Corp, NASA-Goddard, Code 913, Greenbelt MD 20771),
W.R. Kuhn, S.R. Drayson, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21(15),
1631-1634, July 15, 1994.
"Spectroscopic Parameters of Atmospheric Gases," J.-M.
Flaud (Lab. Phys. Moléculaire, CNRS, Bte 76, Univ. P. & M.
Curie, 4 Pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris Cedex 05, France), Atmos.
Res., 31, 299-313, 1994. Presents extensive data
generated to meet the needs of atmospheric measurements, their
status, and future needs.
"Role of Small Ice Crystals in Radiative Properties of
Cirrus: A Case Study, FIRE II, November 1991," W.P. Arnott
(Atmos. Sci. Ctr., Desert Res. Inst., Univ. Nevada, Reno NV
89512), Y.-Y. Dong et al., J. Geophys. Res., 99(D1),
1371-1381, Jan. 20, 1994.
"Parameterization of the Cloud Optical Thickness: Influence
of Clear Air Entrainment," C. Pontikis (Lab. Phys. Atmos.
Trop., U.A.G., 97159 Pointe à Pitre Cedex, Guadaloupe, French W.
Indies), Geophys. Res. Lett., 20(23), 2655-2658,
Dec. 14, 1993.
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Index of Abbreviations