February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 7, NUMBER 9, SEPTEMBER 1994
REPORTS... SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMS: U.S., CANADA AND NGO
Influences on Global Change, Natl. Res. Council, Board on
Global Change (E.A. Frieman, Scripps Inst. Oceanog., Chair), 163
pp., 1994. Order from Natl. Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Ave.
NW, Washington DC 20418 (800-624-6242 or 202-334-3313).
The primary recommendation of a group of scientists, headed by
Judith Lean, is a program for determining solar influences on
global change that would "monitor the total and spectral
solar irradiance from an uninterrupted, overlapping series of
spacecraft radiometers employing in-flight sensitivity
tracking." However, there are no firm plans at this time to
implement this recommendation because radiometric techniques are
not sufficiently accurate, and there may be a dearth of access to
Critical Environmental Zones: Concepts, Goals and Resources
(No. 94-1), T.C. Meredith (McGill Univ.), C. Moore et al., 42
pp., 1994. Contact Canadian Global Change Program Secretariat,
Royal Soc. Can., POB 9734, Ottawa ON K1G 5J4.
A report from the Critical Zones Panel concerning those
ecosystems that are so degraded that the health or well-being of
human inhabitants are threatened. This report presents the
concept of critical zones, central scientific and policy
questions, and an inventory of relevant national and
international activities, many of which relate to global climate
in U.S. JGOFS (U.S. JGOFS Planning Rep. 18), T.D. Dickey,
D.A. Siegel, Eds., 180 pp., Dec. 1993. Contact US JGOFS Planning
Off., Woods Hole Oceanog. Inst., Woods Hole MA 02543.
From a U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study workshop (Boulder,
Co., 1991), this report discusses how in situ and remote
bio-optical determinations can be used to address variations in
planktonic community abundance and structure; determine net
community and gross photosynthetic production; and drive models
of the upper ocean ecosystem and carbon cycle.
Change Research and NASA's Earth Observing System (S/N
052-003-01358-4), Off. Technol. Assess., 1993. Available through
New Orders, Superintendent of Documents, POB 371954, Pittsburgh
PA 15250 (tel: 202-783-3238; fax: 202-512-2250).
Concludes that the current structure of the U.S. Global Change
Research Program does not allow it to provide information that
policy makers need. It is overwhelmingly a physical sciences
program, but policy makers need other information, including the
consequences of the loss of ecosystems and biodiversity, changes
in land use, and increases in population. The current program
works largely through NASA's Mission to Planet Earth, but
potentially cost-effective but less glamorous programs outside
NASA have languished. Suggests broadening the research to include
studies of stratospheric ozone depletion, changes in the
distribution of biodiversity and forests, the spread of deserts,
and changes in ocean and coastal ecosystems.
EOS Reference Handbook, G. Asrar, D.J. Dokken, Eds., 145 pp.,
1993. Published by NASA. Order from Earth Sci. Support Off.,
Document Resour. Facility, 300 D St. SW, S. 840, Washington DC
20024 (tel: 202-479-0360; fax: 202-479-2566).
The Earth Observing System of satellites, the centerpiece of
NASA's Mission to Planet Earth, is being used with other
ground-based and satellite systems from the U.S. and other
countries to form the International Earth Observing System. The
EOS Program has seen major revisions, as described in a
chronology section. Other sections address the interdisciplinary
focus on climate change, current data, instrumentation,
interagency cooperation, and international cooperation.
Coral Reefs for Global Change, J.C. Pernetta, 102 pp., Oct.
1993, £6. Reviews interagency efforts to establish pantropical
reef monitoring to examine responses to predicted global warming.
Published by IUCN (Gland, Switz.); available through NHBS
(Natural History Book Service Ltd.), 2-3 Wills Rd., Totnes, Devon
TQ9 5XN, UK (tel: +44 0803 865913; fax: +44 803 865280).
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