February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 2, FEBRUARY 1995
report: The first Conference of Parties to the Framework
Convention on Climate Change will be held in Berlin, March
28-April 7. In preparation for the meeting, the three working
groups of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
have completed a Special Report consisting of three
volumes. The first updates scientific understanding of radiative
forcing (any change in the balance of radiant energy entering and
leaving the top of the Earth's atmosphere, which can lead to
climate change). A synopsis of the full report is presented in a
carefully written and illustrated 28-page Summary for
Policymakers. (See REPORTS.) Volume one also evaluates the
IPCC 1992 scenarios of future greenhouse gas emissions; a
separate summary for policymakers describes this material. The
other two volumes are IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse
Gas Inventories, and IPCC Technical Guidelines for Climate
Change Impacts and Adaptations.
plans: In early December, the Interim Secretariat for the
climate convention released its first review of national climate
action plans required from developed countries under the
convention. Fifteen countries submitted plans; several (including
the European Union) were still working on theirs. Contact the
U.N. FCCC Interim Secretariat to obtain the report in paper or
electronic form (11-13 Chemin des Anémones, 1219 Châtelaine,
Geneva, Switz. (tel: 41 22 979 9111; fax: 41 22 979 9034).
The Independent NGO Evaluations of National Plans for
Climate Change Mitigation: Third Review was released in
February by the U.S. Climate Action Network, 1350 New York Ave.
NW, S. 300, Washington DC 20005 (tel: 202-624-9360; fax:
202-783-5917; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
National plans were also reviewed at a December conference in
Washington. (See "Most Nations Miss the Mark on
Emission-Control Plans," R. Stone, Science, p. 1939,
Dec. 23 1994, and climate convention news, Global Climate
Change Digest, Jan. 1995)
trading: At a January meeting in Prague, the U.N. Conference
on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) called on the U.S., the
European Union and Japan to set up a pilot system for trading CO2
emission rights. Permits to emit specified quantities of CO2
would be assigned to each country, but these allowances could be
traded among individual CO2 sources or countries. This
approach advocated by UNCTAD, similar to one adopted by the U.S.
for sulfur emissions, is viewed as a way of bringing market
forces into play to control greenhouse gas emissions efficiently.
A major difficulty, of course, is determining how emission rights
should be allocated among different countries. For information or
to obtain conference proceedings contact Zdenek Suchanek,
Environ. Ministry, Vrsovicka 65, 100 10 Prague 10, Czech Republic
(tel: 42 2 6712 2109; fax: 42 2 6731 0014). (See New Scientist,
p. 4, Jan. 21 1995; Intl. Environ. Rptr., pp. 46-47, Jan.
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Index of Abbreviations