February 28, 2007
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FROM VOLUME 8, NUMBER 7, JULY 1995
OF GENERAL INTEREST: FORESTS AND AFFORESTATION
"The Evolution of International Policies and Mechanisms to Advance
Sustainable Forest Management and Mitigate Global Climate Change," J.
Bologna (Intl. For. Policy, USDA For. Service, POB 96538, Washington DC 20090),
J. Lyke, K. Theophile, World Resour. Rev., 7(2), 169-189, June
Reviews international attention to deforestation since 1985, through
institutions like the Tropical Forestry Action Program, the International
Tropical Timber Organization, the World Bank, and through innovative financial
arrangements between developed and developing countries. The next few years will
see a proactive set of multilateral programs to address deforestation, an
increasing link between trade and the environment, and more uses of financial
incentives to encourage sustainable forest development.
Three related items from Clim. Change, 30(3), July 1995:
"Valuation of Global Afforestation Programs for Carbon Mitigation,"
S. Nilsson (IIASA, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria), 249-257. An editorial that
reviews some aspects of the application of traditional cost-benefit analysis to
long-term environmental problems. Because good analyses can yield results that
differ by more than an order of magnitude, asks if the discipline is advanced
enough to give meaningful results on long-term environmental problems.
"On 'Valuation of Global Afforestation. . .by Sten Nilsson," H.F.
Hoen (Norwegian For. Res. Inst., European Forest Inst., POB 5044, N-1432 ÅS,
Norway), B. Solberg, 259-266. Comments on the preceding editorial, reaching a
more optimistic conclusion regarding the role of cost-benefit analysis in
evaluating alternative forest-related projects, programs or strategies connected
to climate change issues.
"The Carbon Sequestration Potential of a Global Afforestation Program,"
S. Nilsson (address above), W. Schopfhauser, 267-293. Analyzes the changes in
the carbon cycle that could be achieved with a global, large-scale afforestation
program that is economically, politically, and technically feasible. Only about
345 million hectares would actually be available for the sole purpose of
sequestering carbon, and the maximum rate of carbon fixation would only be
achieved 60 years after the establishment of the plantations. Over the period
1995 to 2095, the amount of carbon sequestered would be substantially lower than
that required to offset current carbon emissions.
"Timber Labelling Scheme to Encourage the Achievement of Tropical
Forest Sustainability," D. Robinson (2 Victoria Ct., Rothwell, Northants
NN14 2TS, UK), S.D. Probert, Appl. Energy, 48(1), 65-93, 1995.
To reduce tropical timber export and thus insure sustainability, proposes a
multi-criteria assessment procedure that would take into account deforestation
(including burning), the negative effect of population growth, and the haulage
distance from the country of origin the U.K. (to take into account fossil fuel
consumption from transport).
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