Global Climate Change Digest: Main Page | Introduction | Archives | Calendar | Copy Policy | Abbreviations | Guide to Publishers


GCRIO Home ->arrow Library ->arrow Archives of the Global Climate Change Digest ->arrow April 1996 ->arrow PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS... VOLCANIC IMPACTS ON TEMPERATURE Search

U.S. Global Change Research Information Office logo and link to home

Last Updated:
February 28, 2007

GCRIO Program Overview

 

 

Library 
Our extensive collection of documents.

 

Get Acrobat Reader

Privacy Policy

Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1996

PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS...
VOLCANIC IMPACTS ON TEMPERATURE


Item #d96apr23

"Volcanic Eruptions and Global Temperatures," R.D. Thompson (Dept. Geog. Univ. of Reading, Whiteknights, POB 227, Reading, RG6 2AB, UK), Ambio, 24(5), 320-321, Aug. 1995.

A synopsis of existing literature on the topic, including how volcanic eruptions are likely to be a confounding factor in detecting greenhouse warming.


Item #d96apr24

"Tree Ring Evidence of the Widespread Effects of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions," P.D. Jones (Clim. Res. Unit, Univ. E. Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK), K.R. Briffa, F.H. Schweingruber, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22(11), 1333-1336, June 1, 1995.

Tree-ring evidence from 97 sites over North America and Europe is used to develop a chronology of widespread cool summers since 1600, and to develop an index which correlates well with known volcanic eruptions. The index shows great potential for quantifying the climatic impact and perhaps establishing precise calendar dates of large explosive eruptions.


Item #d96apr25

"The Volcanic Signal in Surface Temperature Observations," A. Robock (Dept. Meteor., Univ. Maryland, College Pk. MD 20742), J. Mao, J. Clim., 8(5, Pt. 1), 1086-1103, May 1995.

Surface temperature records of the past 140 years show that for two years following major volcanic eruptions, the surface cools by 0.1° - 0.2° C in the global mean, in each hemisphere. However, in the first winter after major tropical eruptions and in the second winter after major high-latitude eruptions, North America and Eurasia warm by several degrees, while northern Africa and southwestern Asia cool by more than 0.5° C. Also discusses signals from ENSO events that have coincided with volcanic eruptions.

  • Guide to Publishers
  • Index of Abbreviations

  • Hosted by U.S. Global Change Research Information Office. Copyright by Center for Environmental Information, Inc. For more information contact U.S. Global Change Research Information Office, Suite 250, 1717 Pennsylvania Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20006. Tel: +1 202 223 6262. Fax: +1 202 223 3065. Email: Web: www.gcrio.org. Webmaster:
    U.S. Climate Change Technology Program Intranet Logo and link to Home