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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1996

REPORTS...
RESEARCH PROGRAMS


Item #d96apr37

Earth Observations from Space: History, Promise and Reality, Natl. Res. Council, 1995. Limited copies available at no charge from the Council's Space Study Bd. (202 334 3477).

Reviews programs involved in gathering data on the global environment including the U.S. Global Change Research Program and the International Geosphere Biosphere Program.


Item #d96apr38

Airborne Geophysics and Precise Positioning: Scientific Issues and Future Directions, Committee on Geodesy (T. Herring, Chair), Natl. Res. Council, 111 pp., 1995, $30 (Natl. Acad. Press).

Highlights the advances, both potential and realized, that airborne geophysics and precise positioning have made or can make possible in the solid earth sciences. Discusses the state of the art of airborne geophysics, including new technology to map topography. Some of the areas that benefit from these technologies are studies of: ice dynamics and sea level rise; the hydrologic cycle; monitoring ice sheets, glaciers and ocean circulation; measuring ecosystem parameters such as vegetation density, canopy thickness and total biomass.


Item #d96apr39

GOALS (Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System) for Predicting Seasonal-to-Interannual Climate, Climate Research Committee (E.J. Barron, Chair), Natl. Res. Council, 103 pp., 1994, $27 (Natl. Acad. Press).

This type of climate forecasting is still experimental and applicable for only limited parts of the globe, such as forecasts of the El Niņo/Southern Oscillation. Recommended in this report is a 15-year research program aimed at improving the understanding and prediction of climate variations from one season to about two years.


Item #d96apr40

The following have been issued by the IGBP (International Geosphere-Biosphere Program) Secretariat, Royal Swed. Acad. Sci., Box 50005, S-104 05 Stockholm, Swed. (tel: 46 815 0430; fax: 46 816 6405; e-mail: sec@ igbp.kva.se).

IGBP Modelling and Data Activities 1994-1998 (IGBP Rep. No. 30).

African Savannas and the Global Atmosphere—Research Agenda (IGBP Rep. No. 31).

International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) Project: The Operational Plan (IGBP Rep. No. 32), 134 pp. Describes seven focal activities, including the scientific rationale, goals and strategies.

Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone: Implementation Plan (IGBP Rep. No. 33), J.C. Pernetta, J.D. Milliman, Eds., 215 pp., 1995. The LOICZ project focuses on the area of the Earth's surface where the land, ocean and atmosphere meet and interact. To be determined at the regional and global scales are: the nature of these dynamic interactions; how changes in various compartments of the Earth system are affecting coastal zones and their role in global cycles; how future changes will affect their use by people; and a basis for future sustained, integrated management of coastal areas.


Item #d96apr41

The following reports have been issued in 1995 by the U.S. Dept. of Energy; both were compiled by F.M. O'Hara Jr.

Global Change Research: Summaries of Research in FY 1994 (DOE/ER-0641T), 236 pp. Describes the year's activities of projects funded by DOE, giving such details as title, principal investigator, institution. Covers climate modeling, carbon cycle, vegetation, oceans, assessment and education. Also describes the Congressionally-funded National Institute for Global Environmental Change.

Atmospheric Science Program: Summaries of Research in FY 1994 (DOE/ER-0650T), 71 pp. Structured like the above report. Covers atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric behavior over complex terrain, and ozone in the atmosphere.


Item #d96apr42

International Directory of Global Environmental Research (GER) Initiatives, 1995. Contact C. Rowland, UK GER Office, DP 1002, Polaris House, North Star Ave., Swindon, Wiltshire SN2 1EU, UK.


Item #d96apr43

Center for Global Environmental Studies—Research Briefs, ca. 80 pp. Contact the Center at Bldg. 1505, MS-6038, POB 2008, Oak Ridge Natl. Lab., Oak Ridge TN 37831 (tel: 615 576 7785; fax: 615 576 9977).

Provides snap shots of selected global research topics being studied by ORNL staff. The report is organized into five sections: estimating the scope of the problem; determining the effects; refining research tools and techniques; finding technical solutions; and assessing international policy.

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