February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 8, AUGUST 1996
Global Warming: A Guide to Market-Based Controls on the Energy Sector,
I. Fells, L. Woolhouse, 1996, $312/£195 (FT-Energy).
Analyzes the range of mechanisms available to curb CO2 emissions, including
the rationale behind each approach, ease of implementation, capacity to reduce
emissions, and likely effects on economic competitiveness. Appraises such topics
as the present role of regulation in the energy market; the strengths and
weaknesses of various computer models in assessing the impact of policies to
limit CO2 emissions; the success of the U.S. SO2 emissions trading program, and
the suitability of a similar approach to limit CO2 emissions; the pros and cons
of carbon and energy taxes.
Joint Implementation: Opportunities for Business Under the UN
Framework Convention on Climate Change, D. Adams, 1996, $632/£395
Explains the rationale behind this concept and the mechanisms involved in
its operation, and compares it with other approaches such as taxes, subsidies,
direct regulation and tradeable permits. Analyzes different types of joint
implementation projects, activities of countries already involved (particularly
the U.S., The Netherlands, Norway and Sweden), the role of funding agencies, and
options for financing joint implementation schemes in developing countries.
Climate Technology Initiative: Inventory of Activities, 88 pp.,
Intl. Energy Agency, 1996, $19/FF95/DM28 (OECD).
Illustrates the extent of activity underway in 23 IEA/OECD participating
countries to promote the development and deployment of climate-friendly
technologies. The CTI Inventory is expected to be a valuable tool to
help identify new avenues to improve technology responses to climate change
concerns, and should provide interested countries an opportunity to identify
activities in IEA/OECD countries they may wish to join.
Climate Change, Economic Instruments and Income Distribution, 68
pp., 1996, $19/FF100/DM28 (0ECD).
Explores the distributive implications of two economic instruments to combat
global warming: carbon taxes and tradeable emission permits. Considers how
global warming affects different countries and regions, and shows who stands to
gain or lose from greenhouse gas reduction policies. Presents results for
different income groups, economic sectors and geographical regions, and
discusses options for mitigating or compensating the adverse effects of carbon
taxes or trading programs. Recommends relatively low carbon taxes and trading
programs, coordinated internationally but applied on a country-by-country basis.
Boosting Prosperity: Reducing the Threat of Global Climate Change
Through Sustainable Energy Investments, D.H. Ogden, Jan. 1996 (Environ.
Info. Ctr.). An 8-page summary and the 80-page report are available at no charge
from the Environ. Info. Ctr.; tel: 202 797 6500.
This study, funded by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Energy
Foundation, argues that energy efficiency and the use of renewable sources would
increase economic growth while cutting the threat of global change. Examples of
companies that have profited from such changes are given.
Two working papers from CSERGE; each costs $9/£5.
Approaches to Vulnerability to Climate Change (GEC 96-05), W.N.
Adger, 63 pp., 1996.
The Role of Natural Resource Management in Mitigating Climate Impacts:
Mangrove Restoration in Vietnam (GEC 96-06), N.H. Tri, W.N. Adger et al., 29
Five new 1996 reports from ACEEE:
The Impact of Energy Sector Restructuring on Energy Consumption and the
Environment: International Experiences, S. Nadel, 15 pp., $9. Reviews
several recent cases of gas and electric utility restructuring in the U.S., the
U.K. and Norway, and their impacts on energy prices, energy demand, fuel mixes
and energy efficiency.
Partnerships: A Path for the Design of Utility/Industrial Energy
Efficiency Programs, R.N. Elliott, M. Pye, S. Nadel, 50 pp., $12. Examines
several existing and experimental partnerships between utilities and their
industrial customers and the lessons and ideas that emerged.
Successful Government-Industry Partnerships: The U.S. Department of
Energy's Role in Advancing Energy-Efficient Technologies, H. Geller, S.
McGaraghan, 25 pp., $10. Reviews these important energy-efficiency technologies:
low-emissivity windows, electronic ballasts, and high efficiency supermarket
refrigeration systems, along with their market impacts and economic benefits.
Combining Higher Efficiency and Renewable Biofuels to Reduce Light
Vehicle Oil Use and CO2 Emissions, J. DeCicco, L. Lynd, 25 pp., $10.
Examines the implications for biofuels of policies that foster higher fuel
economy through conventional vehicle technologies. These would encourage liquid
biofuels production from cellulose biomass, using emerging low net carbon
Environmental Benefits of Electrification and End-Use Efficiency
(EPRI TR-106196), Regional Econ. Research Inc., 176 pp., Mar. 1996, $200 to EPRI
Updates estimates of the environmental benefits of electrification and
changes in end-use efficiency in the U.S., focusing on CO2, SO2 and NOx
emissions. Although the electric power industry is a major contributor to
greenhouse gas emissions, this contribution must be viewed in the context of
alternatives, including greater reliance on fossil fuel technologies. Selective
use of efficient, clean electrotechnologies in a wide variety of appliances
reduces total energy consumption and total emissions.
Reducing Urban Transport Pollution, Apr. 1996. The full paper and
a four-page summary are available from the French Green Party.
Prepared by a number of environmental organizations and released during
Earth Day celebrations in Paris. Proposes that the European Union implement
limits on engine performance through a directive that would limit the top speed
of cars manufactured after 2000 to 140 km per hr. Currently autos are capable of
speeds above that figure, even though the highway speed limit in France is 130
kph. The existence of underutilized power in current autos leads to a 20% loss
in energy efficiency and a 20% increase in pollution. The report also contains
recommendations on the use of alternative forms of transport, regulations on
minimum fuel consumption in cars, incentives for alternative fuels, and taxes on
Estimation of the Effects of Various Municipal Waste Management
Strategies on Greenhouse Gas Emissions (EPS 2/AP/1), 44 pp., 1995,
US$19.95/Can.$19.95 (Environ. Canada).
Discusses the types of waste management strategies as alternatives to
landfills that can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Wildfire and Carbon Emissions: A Policy Modeling Approach, R.N.
Sampson, L.R. Clark, 1995, $10 (American Forests).
Assesses how forest health and wildfire in the inland western U.S. affect
the forest carbon cycle, and develops a generalized model that predicts how
different management scenarios affect forest carbon sequestration. In this
region, several management practices have led to an unnaturally high storehouse
of terrestrial carbon, and to many unhealthy forests. By moving that carbon into
the atmosphere, large-scale wildfires are turning these forests into a net
The Economics of Forestry Opportunities to Sequester and Store
Carbon: Assessment of Existing Studies, R.A. Sedjo, J. Wisniewski et al.,
1994, $10 (American Forests).
Looks at studies of the economics of using forests for mitigating
atmospheric carbon build-up. Identifies critical needs and research
Survey of Trees on Australian Farms: 1993-94 (Res. Rep. 95.7), 53
pp., Oct. 1995, Aust.$25 (ABARE).
Although Australian farmers have been planting trees on their own initiative
and in response to private and government programs, there has been no consistent
information on the process, nor on the costs and benefits of the plantings. To
fill this gap, about 2000 broadacre and dairy farms were surveyed, and results
Meeting Greenhouse Targets in Australia: Implications for Coal Use
(CP 94.34), 1994, Aust.$10 (ABARE).
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations