February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1996
BOOKS AND PROCEEDINGS...
EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE
Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R.J. Charlson, J. Heintzenberg, Eds.,
416 pp., 1995, $125 (Wiley).
Proceedings of a Dahlem Workshop (1994, Berlin) that consists of background
papers and presentations from four discussion groups. The group reports cover
factors influencing atmospheric aerosols (past, present and future); connections
between aerosol properties and climate forcing; magnitudes and geographical
variations and uncertainties of properties of tropospheric and stratospheric
aerosols and their forcing; and observed and anticipated meteorological and
climate responses to aerosol forcing.
Effects of Past Global Change on Life, Board on Earth Sciences
and Resources of the Natl. Res. Council (S.M. Stanley, Chair), 250 pp., 1995,
$49.95 (Natl. Acad. Press).
The latest volume in the series: Studies in Geophysics. Includes 14
individually authored background papers dealing with the geologic record, plus
an overview and recommendations for future research, written by a panel. The
volume is intended to provide a scientific framework to assist the evaluation of
the possible impacts of present and future global changes on the biosphere.
Climate Since A.D. 1500 (revised ed.), R.S. Bradley, P.D. Jones,
Eds., 706 pp., 1995, £25 (Routledge).
Reviewed by S. Gregory (Intl. J. Clim., 15, 1059, 1995), who
states that the volume has become a standard reference since the 1992 first
edition. A chapter has been added that reviews more recent work relating to the
book's theme. It includes ice-core and tree-ring analyses, coral records,
forcing factors, GCM evaluations, and estimates of temperature change. Even with
the length of Northern Hemisphere summer temperature records (1500 a.d. to the
present), it is still possible to interpret recent warmth as the result of
either anthropogenic greenhouse-gas-induced climate change, or natural
fluctuations around a low frequency variation with a periodicity of about 1000
Proceedings of the Fourth Atmospheric Radiation (ARM) Science Team
Meeting (CONF-940277), Office of Energy Research (U.S. Dept. Energy), 396
pp., 1995 (NTIS).
Consists of an introductory chapter on the history and status of the ARM
Program, followed by session papers, working group reports, and poster papers
from a Feb. 1994 meeting in Charleston, S.C.
Impact of UV-B Radiation on Pelagic Freshwater Ecosystems (Archiv
für Hydrobiol./Advances in Limnology, Vol. 43), C.E.
Williamson, H.E. Zagarese, Eds., 1994, DM 98 (E. Schweizerbart'sche, Stuttgart).
The proceedings of a workshop (Philadelphia, Pa., Sep. 1993) with
presentations by international experts in the ecology of UV-B radiation and its
likely influences on freshwater ecosystems. The workshop was intended to foster
collaboration among disciplines and countries, in part through a joint field
experiment that was conducted. Reviewed by S. Ormerod and I. Jüttner (Environ.
Pollut., pp. 425-426, 1995), who note that the papers are extremely clearly
written, consistently well edited and highly informative.
Measurement of Primary Production from the Molecular to the Global
Scale, W.K.W. Li, S.Y. Maestrini, Eds., 287 pp., 1993, DKK 260 (ICES
The proceedings of an ICES Symposium consisting of 24 invited papers and 53
abstracts of contributed posters. Among the topics are general concepts,
molecular biology and algal physiology, and phytoplankton physiology. Reviewed
by P. Harrison (Limnol. & Oceanog., pp. 1183-1184, Sep. 1995).
Reviews of Previous Entries: Earth System Science
Biotic Feedbacks in the Global Climate System: Will the Warming Feed
the Warming? G.M. Woodwell, F.T. MacKenzie, Eds., 436 pp., 1995, $65
(Oxford). (Previous Digest entry in Books/Earth System Science, Oct.
Reviewed by R.E. Dickinson (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 2497-2498,
Dec. 1995), who summarizes the book's contents. Comments that the book is of
unusually high quality for a compilation of workshop papers, and is a still
largely up-to-date summary of issues that must be considered.
Changes in Land Use and Land Cover--A Global Perspective, W.B.
Meyer, B.L. Turner II, Eds., 380 pp., 1994, $39.96 through Dec. 31, 1994
(Cambridge Univ.). (Previous Digest entry in Books/General Interest,
Reviewed by A.S. Mather (Prog. Phys. Geog., pp. 420-421, Sep. 1995),
and by S.J. Cowell (Global Environ. Change, pp. 161-162, May 1995).
Mather summarizes major points of the book, pointing out that many contributions
by well known researchers are stimulating and thought provoking. The book is
more than the sum of its parts and is a major contribution to the literature,
despite the three-year lag between the workshop and publication. Cowell's
comments are similar; she notes that one welcome inclusion is that of human
settlements as a dimension of land use/cover change, since they have such
influence on the flows of energy, water and materials. Missing is a chapter on
Environmental Remote Sensing from Regional to Global Scales, G.
Foody, P. Curran, Eds., 238 pp., May 1994, $79.95 (Wiley).
Reviewed by K. White (Prog. Phys. Geog., pp. 568-569, Dec. 1995),
who notes certain difficulties with presentation of material in varying amounts
of depth. As might be expected from a conference proceedings, chapters are
disparate in content and approach, and no real theme underlies the book.
Nevertheless, there is much for an undergraduate to learn.
Remote Sensing and Global Climate Change, R.A. Vaughan, A.P.
Cracknell, Eds., 495 pp., 1994, $214 (Springer). (Previous Digest entry
in Books/Earth System Science, Oct. 1995.)
Reviewed by J.R. Miller (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 2502-2503,
Dec. 1995). Consists of 25 chapters which focus on particular parts of the
climate system and the instrument systems used to study them, an approach the
reviewer favors. Although there are inconsistencies in quality, depth and level
of interest among the chapters, many provide excellent, comprehensive overviews.
Overall, a useful reference.
Global Precipitations and Climate Change, M. Desbois, F. Désalmand,
Eds., 466 pp., 1994, $214 (Springer). (Previous Digest entry in
Books/Earth System Science, Oct. 1995.)
Reviewed by S. Green (Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., pp. 1641-1642, Sep.
1995). The book offers a collection of wide-ranging papers, and as such the
depth of analysis varies. But the editors have maintained a high level of
quality and continuity in subject matter in the various sections. Ocean
precipitation is not analyzed.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations