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IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: FORESTS AND ECOSYSTEMS
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Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBER 3, MARCH 1996

REPORTS...
IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE: FORESTS AND ECOSYSTEMS


Item #d96mar85

Sensitive Landscape Features for Detecting Biotic Effects of Global Change (EPRI TR-105216), Applied Biomathematics Inc., 132 pp., Oct. 1995, $200 EPRI nonmembers (EPRI).

Reviews the movement of ecotones (transition zones between different kinds of vegetation presumably sensitive to environmental change). Despite some scientific attention to ecotones, little evidence exists in the literature for widespread consistent shifts that would indicate recent global climate change. Gradual transition zones have not received much attention because they are more difficult to study. The methods developed may be viable for locating and objectively characterizing gradual ecotones if aided by human interpretation in the early stages.


Item #d96mar86

Global Change and Forest Responses: Theoretical Basis, Projections and Uncertainties (Tech. Bull. 690), E.D. Vance, 53 pp., Jan. 1995. Contact NCASI (National Council of the Paper Industry for Air & Stream Improvement), POB 13318, Res. Triangle Pk. NC 27708 ( fax: 919 558 1998).

Summarizes the major arguments and uncertainties associated with greenhouse theory and current projections of forest responses to increases in CO2 and to possible changes in climate. Forest responses are complex and difficult to predict; consequences of projected climate change on forests remain speculative. Potential effects should be considered in the context of expanding human populations, developing technologies, and changes in resource management and utilization, the impacts of which are substantial and more certain.


Item #d96mar87

Climate Change and Biodiversity Conservation, A. Markham, 22 pp., Mar. 1995. Contact WWF Intl., Ave. du Mont Blanc, CH-1196 Gland, Switz. (tel: 41 22 364 9111; fax: 41 22 364 5358).

Discusses the impacts of climate change on biodiversity and makes recommendations.


Item #d96mar88

Climate Change, Air Pollution and the English Countryside: Summary of Potential Impacts, 1995, no charge. Contact the Countryside Comm., Postal Sales Dept., POB 124, Walgrave, Northampton NN6 9TL, UK.


Item #d96mar89

Framework for Assessing Effects of Global Climate Change on Mangrove Ecosystems, W. Davis, K. Thornton, B. Levinson, $17.50, 1995. Order report PB95-155198 from NTIS.


Item #d96mar90

Global Climate Change and Coral Reefs: Implications for People and Reefs, C.R. Wilkinson, R.W. Buddemeier, 1994 (IUCN).

Report of the UNEP-IOC-ASPEI-IUCN Global Task Team.


Item #d96mar91

Direct Effects of Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment on Plants and Ecosystems. An Updated Bibliographic Data Base (ORNL/CDIAC-70), B.R. Strain, J.D. Cure, Eds., 287 pp., June 1994. Available in print or in various machine-readable forms from CDIAC or NTIS.

Updates a 1986 version. Provides complete bibliographic citations, abstracts, keywords and common and scientific plant names for approximately 800 references published between 1980 and 1994. Half the citations were published in or after 1990. A large proportion of recent research has focused at a level of organization beyond the individual organism.


Item #d96mar92

Impacts of Nitrogen Deposition in Terrestrial Ecosystems, 110 pp., 1994. Contact Mark Sutton, Dept. Environ., Romney House, Rm. 354, 43 Marsham St., London SW1P 3PY, UK (tel: 44 071 276 8155; fax: 44 071 276 8299).

Prepared by the UK Review Group on the Impacts of Atmospheric Nitrogen (INDITE). Consolidates evidence of the environmental effects of nitrogen deposition; contains a section on critical loads. The application of the critical loads approach requires links among problems of regional acidification, eutrophication and global change to be quantified.

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