Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 9, NUMBERS 10-11, OCTOBER-NOVEMBER 1996
Note: Government agency reports are published in both French and English
editions, sometimes combined.
The State of
Canada's Environment1996 Edition, Environ. Canada, 1996. Available in
these versions: print (Cdn.$75); CD-ROM (Cdn.$50); Internet subscription
(Cdn.$100). The latter two are bilingual; printed version in either English or
French. Contact tel: 800 734 3232 (N. Amer. only) or 613 954 5791; Internet:
Published every five years, this third edition is updated, rewritten and
expanded and includes observations, statistical data, and analysis.
Environment Canada has
issued the following brief reports from its State of the Environment (SOE)
Reporting Program in the National Environmental Indicator Series. Each
consists of a two-page overview, followed by trends in key indicators. Available
from Environment Canada. Data are regularly updated on Environ. Canada's Green
Lane Network (Internet: http://www.ec.gc.ca).
Energy Consumption (SOE Bull. 96-3), 5 pp., Spring 1996. Gives data
on Canadian and global total and fossil fuel energy consumption, along with GDP
levels. Canada's total energy use rose 4.4% between 1993 and 1994, following its
Climate Change (SOE Bull. 96-4), 5 pp., Spring 1996. Presents
information on Canadian and world wide carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel
use, as well as global atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, nitrous
oxide and methane, and compares the trend in temperature variations globally and
Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (SOE Bull. 95-5), 5 pp., Fall 1995.
Gives data for new supplies of ozone depleting substances in Canada and
globally, and their global atmospheric and stratospheric concentrations.
Sustaining Canada's Forests (SOE Bull. 95-4), Summer 1995. A 3-page
overview discusses the importance of Canadian forests and indicators of
sustainable forest management, and illustrates the country's terrestrial
ecozones. A 7-page section covers timber harvesting, including natural
disturbance trends by region, timber harvest levels by volume and area, the
economic value of timber harvesting, and post-harvest regeneration.
Program: An Analysis of the Impact of Rational Measures to the Year 2010,
196 pp., Sep. 1996 (Sierra Club of Can.).
Presents 30 measures designed to improve energy efficiency in the
transportation, building, and industrial sectors, and increase the use of
renewable energy in the electricity sector. Recommends a carbon tax of $20 per
metric ton, to be offset by a reduction in the current Goods and Services Tax
from 7.0% to 5.5%. [According to Intl. Environ. Rptr. (p. 861, Oct. 2),
a Canadian government analysis of these proposals finds that they should reduce
end-user energy demand by 13% by 2010 and reduce CO2 emissions 22%
from the business-as-usual scenario, without the use of nuclear energy.]
on Climate Change1995: An Independent Review, 1996, Cdn.$90.95/US$68
Corporate Action Plans under Canada's Voluntary Challenge and Registry
Program need significant strengthening if the program is to make an effective
contribution to the country's climate change commitments. Only Ontario Hydro,
Superior Propane and TransAlta Corp. received a passing grade; the average score
for all companies rated was 27%. Canada must institute other measures to meet
its commitment under the climate convention.
Challenge and Registry Program: An Independent Review, 1995, Cdn.$20/US$15
Analyzes more than 70 action plans submitted by companies to Canada's
voluntary program and concludes that this program is wholly inadequate to meet
the country's greenhouse gas stabilization commitment. Recommends changes in the
tax treatment of energy efficiency investments, mandatory reporting requirements
for the voluntary program, and implementation of targeted voluntary programs in
Performance Review Canada, 243 pp., Nov. 1995 (OECD).
New measures in addition to the present voluntary measures are needed to
enable Canada to meet its target of stabilizing CO2 emissions by the
year 2000. Recommends energy taxes and measures in the transportation sector to
help achieve this goal.
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Index of Abbreviations