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OZONE DEPLETION: CONTROL POLICY
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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1997

REPORTS...
OZONE DEPLETION: CONTROL POLICY


Item #d97jan70

International Trade and the Montreal Protocol, D. Brack, ca. 120 pp., Apr. 1996, $15.95/£12.95 (Brookings in U.S./Plymbridge in U.K.).

The author, from the Royal Institute of International Affairs (London), examines the consequences of the Montreal Protocol for trade, including the evolution of a substantial black market. Since this problem is not one environment ministries can be expected to tackle by themselves, trade and industry ministries and enforcement agencies should cooperate to crack down on the smuggling of these substances. Examines implementation difficulties in the former Soviet Union, and offers lessons in the value and design of trade restrictions for future environmental treaties.


Item #d97jan71

The Phaseout of Methyl Bromide in the United States (GAO/RCED-96-16), 41 PP., Dec. 1996, no charge (GAO).

Phase out of this pesticide in the U.S., whose manufacture will cease in 2001, could harm agriculture and trade unless adequate alternatives can be found, or unless exemptions from the ban can be obtained for some domestic uses until alternatives are available.


Item #d97jan72

Ozone Protection in the United States: Elements of Success, E. Cook, Ed., 130 pp., 1996, $14.95 pbk. (WRI).

Presents 10 case studies of innovative regulatory initiatives and voluntary actions that show how economic incentives, entrepreneurial government activities, corporate leadership and competition, along with scientific advances and public activism, made significant contributions to adoption of CFC alternatives. Explains how this experience applies to climate change.


Item #d97jan73

Ozone Layer Protection: Country Incremental Costs, K. King, M. Munasinghe, Eds., ca. 100 pp., 1995, $8.95 (World Bank).


Item #d97jan74

U.K. Use and Emissions of Selected Halocarbons, 1996, $31.25/£20 (HMSO).

Between 1986 and 1995, the consumption of CFCs in the U.K. fell 97%; however that of HCFCs tripled. This report assesses progress in the CFC phaseout, suggests ways of speeding it up, and details what sectors are still using these substances. The most important barriers to phasing out CFCs is their availability within the refrigeration market and concerns over the long-term use of HFCs (which are greenhouse gases) as substitutes for CFCs and HCFCs. The refrigeration/air conditioning and foam blowing sectors dominate the use of HCFCs, and their use is expected to grow further until alternatives are proven.


Item #d97jan75

Regulations to Control Ozone Depleting Substances—Interim Version, I. Kökeritz, 1996 (SEI).

Prepared for government officers by the Stockholm Environ. Inst. and the U.N. Environ. Prog. to facilitate transfer of information from North to South and from South to South. In part, it includes examples of legislation in developed and developing countries.


Item #d97jan76

Monitoring Imports of Ozone Depleting Substances, I. Kökeritz, 1996 (SEI).

Prepared by SEI and UNEP on the methodological questions of monitoring the consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) and the interrelationships between monitoring these materials and their control. It focuses on the experience of the ODS Officers Network for Southeast Asia and the Pacific in 10 developing and three developed countries.


Item #d97jan77

OzonAction Information Clearinghouse Database (OAIC-DV 4.0), 1996 (UNEP/OAIC).

Updated twice yearly, this database contains the equivalent of 1,000 pages of text. New features include national production and consumption data for 1993; an updated version of the Multilateral Fund's inventory of approved projects; a summary of the latest phaseout schedule; and French and Spanish glossaries of terminology.

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