February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1997
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS: FOOD PRODUCTION
Dividing the Waters: Food Security, Ecosystem Health, and the New
Politics of Scarcity (Worldwatch Paper 132), S. Postel, 76 pp., Sep. 1996,
A growing scarcity of, and competition for fresh water is now a major
impediment to food security, ecosystem health, social stability, and peace.
Although water is renewable it is also finite, and the amount that can be
sustainably supplied to farmers is nearing its limits.
Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change: Issues of Longrun
Sustainability (Agric. Econ. Rep. 740), D. Schimmelpfennig, J. Lewandrowski
et al., 57 pp., June 1996, $12 (ERS/NASS). A catalog of products and services is
A report from the U.S. Global Change Research Program. Early evaluations of
the effects of climate change on agriculture, which did not account for economic
adjustments or consider the broader economic and environmental implications of
such changes, overestimated the negative effects of climate change. This report
of ERS research focuses on economic adaptation and concludes there is
considerably more sectoral flexibility and adaptability than found in other
analyses and that increases in supply will keep pace with increases in demand.
Although these predictions may be the best available now, they are subject to
great uncertainty, in particular with regard to assumed rates of productivity
increase in agriculture and real income and population growth.
World Agriculture and Climate Change: Economic Adaptations
(Agric. Econ. Rep. 703), R. Darwin, T. Tsigas et al., 86 pp., June 1995, $12
(ERS/NASS). Limited copies may also be available from D. Royster, ERS Info.
Services, USDA, 1301 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20005 (fax: 202 219 0112).
A comprehensive, economically consistent projection of how climate change
might alter the location and intensity of farming. Although potential climate
change may affect agriculture, and impacts will not be equally distributed
worldwide, world food production is not expected to be imperiled because of
adaptation by farmers. This study directly links detailed climate projections
with distributions of land and water resources, and estimates the effects in the
major resource-using sectors (crop, livestock, forestry). In the U.S.,
losses in soil moisture may reduce agricultural production in the Corn Belt and
Planning for a Sustainable Future: The Case of the North American
Great Plains Symposium Summary (CCD 96-01), 13 pp., 1996 (Atmos.
Environ. Service). To purchase the complete proceedings contact Intl. Drought
Info. Ctr., address also below.
This region is a critical environmental zone where the impacts of climate
change are likely to be more severe and to materialize more rapidly than in less
fragile ecosystems. Conferees, from many stake holder groups, were asked to
develop recommendations for future action and policy-relevant research that
would lead the region toward a sustainable future. Several recommendations were
The Impact of Climate Change on Food and Livelihood Security: An
Agenda for Action, Dec. 1995. Contact M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation,
Third Cross St., Institutional Area (CPT Campus), Taramani, Madras 600113 India
(tel: 91 44 235 1229; fax: 91 44 235 1319; e-mail:
An international workshop, led by the above contact and the Climate
Institute (Dec. 1995, Madras), with sessions covering climate change scenarios
for South Asia, implications of climate change for East Asia, and mobilizing
society and corporations to address these issues. Working groups then discussed
and made recommendations on climate change and food security, sea level rise and
coastal ecosystems, and climate and energy. They agreed that heat-resistant
crops varieties are needed, and that methane concentrations above rice fields
should be monitored.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations