February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 1, JANUARY 1997
Delegates to the eighth Conference of Parties to
the Montreal Protocol (San Josť, Costa Rica, Nov. 18-27, 1996) agreed to
allocate $540 million over the next three years to the multilateral fund that
assists developing nations phase out ozone-depleting chemicals. The amount is
$40 million more than that recommended by the Protocol's Technology and Economic
Assessment Panel, but short of the $800 million requested by developing
countries. In addition, it includes some $74 million unused from the previous
three-year allocation (most of which has not yet been paid by contributing
nations). Nevertheless, the new allocation represents a substantial annual
increase, at least on paper. Negotiators also took steps to deal with the
growing problem of illegal trade in ozone-depleting substances. (See Intl.
Environ. Rptr., pp. 1086-1089, Dec. 11, 1996, and pp. 1040-1041, Nov. 27;
Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, Dec. 13.) See also Reports/Ozone
Depletion, this issue, and the following articles:
"Substitutes Flourish But Black Market Grows," Chem. &
Industry, p. 821, Nov. 4, 1996.
"Smart Smugglers Outwit the CFC Cops," New Scientist, p.
4, Oct. 26.
"CFC Ban Beginning to Bite U.S. Government Targets CFC
Smugglers; Alternatives Finally Gaining Marketability," Chem. Eng. News,
pp. 18-20, Sep. 16.
"Precision Cleaning Without Ozone Depleting Chemicals," Chem. &
Industry, pp. 787-791, Oct. 21.
"Methyl Iodide Promising Substitute for Methyl Bromide" (feature
report), Global Environ. Change Rep., pp. 1-3, July 12.
"Firefighters Abandon Halons for Water...As Farmers Find a Fumigant
That Doesn't Eat Ozone," New Scientist, p. 9, July 20.
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