February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1997
ENERGY & EMISSION ANALYSES & TRENDS: INTERNATIONAL
International Energy Outlook 1997, May 1997 (EIA/DOE). For the
full text see WWW: http://www.eia.doe.gov.
Predicts that global carbon emissions from energy use could be 61% higher
than 1990 levels by 2015, with 45% of this coming from the developing world,
especially in Asia.. Also gives alternative scenarios assuming low and high
economic growth. If industrialized nations stabilize greenhouse gases at 1990
levels, world carbon emissions would still increase by 2.7 billion metric tons.
Climate Change Policy Initiatives-1995/96 Update. Vol. II. Selected
Non-IEA Countries, 185 pp., Oct. 1996, $41/FF160/DM61 (IEA/OECD).
Examines emissions in 12 selected countries with economies in transition
outside the IEA (Bulgaria, Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Kaszkhstan, Latvia,
Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russian Fed., Slovak Rep. and Uzbekistan). Detailed
data show that the 12 countries saw energy-related CO2 emissions go down between
1990 and 1993. With the exception of South Africa, the remaining seven countries
examined (Argentina, China, India, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Mexico and
Venezuela) had rising CO2 emissions. Also discusses levels of energy-related CO2
per capita and per unit GDP and national energy situations and factors
contributing to current CO2 emission levels.
Towards a Sustainable Paper Cycle, Intl. Inst. for Environ. &
Develop., 1996, (WBCSD).
Estimates that the annual production, consumption and disposal of paper
products throughout the world leads to the equivalent of 420 metric tons of CO2.
The sources of emissions come from the paper production process, methane
emissions from landfill disposal, and removal of carbon from old-growth forests.
Carbon sinks include tree plantations and waste energy recovery. Future
greenhouse gas emissions per unit of paper produced should decline, with
declining energy intensity in the industry, and capture of methane from
landfills. Suggests ways to achieve further reductions.
Survey of global emissions of CO2 (published in World Energy Council
Journal), 1996 (WEC). Also see discussion of this report by E. Masood in
Nature, 382(6587), p. 103, July 11, 1996.
Based emissions estimates on data from the WEC, national sources, and the
BP Statistical Review of World Energy 1996. Global emissions of CO2
increased by 3% over 1990 levels from 1990 to 1995, a small global increase
resulting from economic slowdowns in Central and Eastern Europe and the former
Soviet Union, where emissions fell by 30%. However, emissions in North America
grew by 6%, in Japan by 12%, and in Australia by 8%. Increases in the developing
world were more dramatic with increases, for instance, of 35% for the Middle
East; 30% in the Asia-Pacific region.
European Energy to 2020: A Scenario Approach. A special issue of
Energy in Europe (a periodical published by the European Commission)
prepared by the Analysis and Forecasting Unit of the Directorate General for
Energy. Written and edited by K. Leydon et al.
Developed four different scenarios (conventional wisdom, battlefield, forum,
and hypermarket), reflecting current conditions of uncertainty and a sense of
transition, to produce a range of energy futures for the European community over
the next 25 years. Each scenario produces different results relating to
competitiveness, environment, and security of supply. Only one scenario presents
a path toward reduced CO2 emissions while maintaining sustainable levels of
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Index of Abbreviations