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Global Climate Change DigestArchives of the
Global Climate Change Digest

A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999

FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 6, JUNE 1997

REPORTS...
ENERGY & EMISSION ANALYSES & TRENDS: INTERNATIONAL


Item #d97jun62

International Energy Outlook 1997, May 1997 (EIA/DOE). For the full text see WWW: http://www.eia.doe.gov.

Predicts that global carbon emissions from energy use could be 61% higher than 1990 levels by 2015, with 45% of this coming from the developing world, especially in Asia.. Also gives alternative scenarios assuming low and high economic growth. If industrialized nations stabilize greenhouse gases at 1990 levels, world carbon emissions would still increase by 2.7 billion metric tons.


Item #d97jun63

Climate Change Policy Initiatives-1995/96 Update. Vol. II. Selected Non-IEA Countries, 185 pp., Oct. 1996, $41/FF160/DM61 (IEA/OECD).

Examines emissions in 12 selected countries with economies in transition outside the IEA (Bulgaria, Czech Rep., Estonia, Hungary, Kaszkhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Russian Fed., Slovak Rep. and Uzbekistan). Detailed data show that the 12 countries saw energy-related CO2 emissions go down between 1990 and 1993. With the exception of South Africa, the remaining seven countries examined (Argentina, China, India, Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Mexico and Venezuela) had rising CO2 emissions. Also discusses levels of energy-related CO2 per capita and per unit GDP and national energy situations and factors contributing to current CO2 emission levels.


Item #d97jun64

Towards a Sustainable Paper Cycle, Intl. Inst. for Environ. & Develop., 1996, (WBCSD).

Estimates that the annual production, consumption and disposal of paper products throughout the world leads to the equivalent of 420 metric tons of CO2. The sources of emissions come from the paper production process, methane emissions from landfill disposal, and removal of carbon from old-growth forests. Carbon sinks include tree plantations and waste energy recovery. Future greenhouse gas emissions per unit of paper produced should decline, with declining energy intensity in the industry, and capture of methane from landfills. Suggests ways to achieve further reductions.


Item #d97jun65

Survey of global emissions of CO2 (published in World Energy Council Journal), 1996 (WEC). Also see discussion of this report by E. Masood in Nature, 382(6587), p. 103, July 11, 1996.

Based emissions estimates on data from the WEC, national sources, and the BP Statistical Review of World Energy 1996. Global emissions of CO2 increased by 3% over 1990 levels from 1990 to 1995, a small global increase resulting from economic slowdowns in Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, where emissions fell by 30%. However, emissions in North America grew by 6%, in Japan by 12%, and in Australia by 8%. Increases in the developing world were more dramatic with increases, for instance, of 35% for the Middle East; 30% in the Asia-Pacific region.


Item #d97jun66

European Energy to 2020: A Scenario Approach. A special issue of Energy in Europe (a periodical published by the European Commission) prepared by the Analysis and Forecasting Unit of the Directorate General for Energy. Written and edited by K. Leydon et al.

Developed four different scenarios (conventional wisdom, battlefield, forum, and hypermarket), reflecting current conditions of uncertainty and a sense of transition, to produce a range of energy futures for the European community over the next 25 years. Each scenario produces different results relating to competitiveness, environment, and security of supply. Only one scenario presents a path toward reduced CO2 emissions while maintaining sustainable levels of economic growth.

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