February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 5, MAY 1997
Political Instability and Tropical Deforestation," D.O. Didia (Dept.
Business Admin., State Univ. of New York, Brockport NY 14420),
Global Environ. Change, 7(1), 63-76, Apr. 1997.
Constructs a democracy index variable for 55 countries in the tropical world
and compares it to deforestation from 1981 to 1985. Finds a strong negative
correlation between the level of democracy and the rate of tropical forest
exploitation; discusses implications for global policy.
and Indigenous-Controlled Rainforest Preserves in Samoa," P.A. Cox (General
& Honors Educ., Brigham Young Univ., Provo UT 84602), T. Elmqvist, Ambio,
26(2), 84-89, Mar. 1997.
Establishment of several Samoan preserves that are owned, controlled and
managed by villagers resulted in conflict between villagers and the western NGOs
that assisted in fund raising, and who were unwilling to accept indigenous
control and decision making. This article analyzes how even well-intentioned
conservation efforts by NGOs may fail if there is an unwitting disparagement of
the traditional knowledge, culture, political systems, and integrity of
Certification of Forest Products: Economic Challenges," C.F. Kiker (Dept.
Food & Resour. Econ., Univ. Florida, Gainesville FL 32611), F.E. Putz, Ecol.
Economics, 20(1), 37-51, Jan. 1997.
Develops the concept of ecological certification, which assures consumers
that products have been produced with practices that meet fundamental ecological
and social standards. Analyzes relationships among the many actors and the
relationship of the actors to the forest.
Tropical Deforestation: Development of the Methods," M.W. Downton (Environ.
& Societal Impacts Group, NCAR, POB 3000, Boulder CO 80307), Environ.
Conservation, 22(3), 229 ff., Autumn 1995.
Traces the controversy over measurements of the degree of deforestation in
the Brazilian Amazon, and discusses the need for critical evaluation of their
accuracy. The range of estimates has been narrowed in recent studies; Landsat
data indicate that the deforestation rate declined considerably from 1988 to
1991. Discusses data needs for the future, and how scientists who will collect
the data should interact with the countries they are studying.
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Index of Abbreviations