February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 10, NUMBER 5, MAY 1997
CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY
Policies and Measures for Mitigating Climate Change (IPCC Technical Paper
1), R.T. Watson (World Bank), M.C. Zinyowera (Zimbabwe Meteorol. Services), R.H.
Moss (Battelle Pacific Northwest Natl. Lab.), Eds., 84 pp., Nov. 1996 (IPCC
Produced by IPCC Working Group II in response to a request from the Ad Hoc
Group on the Berlin Mandate for the U.N. climate convention. The paper is based
on the material already in the IPCC assessment reports and special reports, and
has undergone governmental and peer review. Provides an overview and analysis of
technologies and measures to limit and reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to
enhance sinks, focusing on the industrialized countries. Discusses technical,
economic and market potentials of measures, and includes a separate chapter on
Effort: Options for Differentiating Commitments on Climate Change, M.
Paterson, M. Grubb, Eds., 80 pp., Dec. 1996, $15 (Royal Institute/Brookings).
Combines papers from a Royal Institute workshop with an overview of the
ensuing discussion among leading negotiators and analysts.
European CO2 Commitments-A Joint Policy Proposal, 60 pp., Apr.
1997, $11 (Royal Institute/Brookings).
Researchers from five of Europe's leading policy research institutes examine
the dilemmas facing European climate change policy and argue that a fresh
approach, incorporating a system of tradeable emission permits, can enable the
EU to break out of its current impasse.
Risks and Policies: An Overview (Climate Issues Brief No. 1), M.A. Toman, 12
pp., Mar. 1997. Copies available from Resources for the Future (RFF); also
available on the World Wide Web at http://www.rff.org.
The first in a series of briefing papers on key issues in the climate change
debate, intended to provide topical, timely and non-technical analyses that
integrate critical reviews of existing literature with original research at RFF.
This first paper summarizes some ways to think about climate change risks and
policies, presents a six-step decision framework, and suggests ways to enhance
the effectiveness of climate policies. Comments briefly on the January 1997
draft climate treaty protocol of the Clinton Administration.
IEA Statement on
the Energy Dimension of Climate Change, Mar. 1997 (Intl. Energy Agency).
Presented during the March 1997 meeting of the Ad-Hoc Group on the Berlin
Mandate of the climate convention. The implementation of cost-effective and
viable mitigation measures is essential if countries are to reduce greenhouse
emissions. Suggests market-based solutions for abatement, with discussion of
economic and technological points.
Global Finance: The Case for an International Bank for Environmental Settlements,
G. Chichilnisky (U.N. Devel. Prog.), 42 pp., Apr. 1997 (UNDP).
A discussion paper proposing a new international bank that could regulate
trading of greenhouse gas emission permits and monitor the success of the
program. Makes several policy recommendations on tradeable permits. (See Intl.
Environ. Rptr., p. 361, Apr. 16, 1997.)
Taxation in Sweden-Economic Policy Instruments in Environmental Policy,
Swedish Environ. Protection Agency (SEPA), Apr. 1997. Available in English from
This evaluation of Sweden's green taxes and charges demonstrates that they
are effective policy instruments. For instance, the CO2 tax
introduced in 1990 provides a relatively stable income for the public treasury,
while helping to limit CO2 emissions. (See Intl. Environ. Rptr.,
pp. 382-383, Apr. 16, 1997; New Scientist, p. 6, Apr. 5.)
Taxes: Implementation and Environmental Effectiveness (Environ. Issue Series
No. 1), European Environ. Agency (Copenhagen), Oct. 1996.
The "green taxes" adopted by individual European countries over
the past decade have been effective and are gaining acceptance. They have
achieved their objectives at reasonable cost, and there is considerable scope
for expanding their use on the national and European Union levels. The most
successful approach is "green tax reform," in which green taxes are
part of a package of tax reforms designed to address market failures,
competitiveness, and employment through a tax shift from labor or capital to
energy and the environment. (See "Environmental Taxes Gaining Ground in
Europe," Environ. Sci. & Technol., pp. 84A-88A, Feb. 1997.)
Economy-Energy-Environment Policy Analysis: A Case Study for the People's
Republic of China, Z.-X. Zhang, 300+ pp., 1996, $35. Contact the author at
Dept. General Econ., Univ. Wageningen, 6706 KN Wageningen, Neth. (tel: 31(0) 317
484637; fax: 31(0) 317 484763; e-mail: Zhang.Zhongxiang@alg.shhk.wau.nl).
Constitutes the author's Ph.D. dissertation. Consists of three parts:
analysis of the Chinese energy system; macroeconomic analysis of CO2
emission limits for China; and a cost-effectiveness analysis of carbon abatement
options in China's electricity sector. Reviewed by A.D. Owen (Energy Policy,
pp. 268-269, Feb. 1997), who calls the work a pathbreaking entry into one of the
most complicated aspects of contemporary energy/environmental economics, and the
first systematic and comprehensive attempt to provide a rigorous analysis of the
economic implications of carbon abatement for the Chinese economy.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations