February 28, 2007
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Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 11, NUMBER 4, APRIL-MAY 1998
OF GENERAL INTEREST
"Changing Waves and Storms [WASA] in the Northeast Atlantic?" The
WASA Group, Attn.: H. von Storch., Inst. Hydrophys., GKSS Res. Ctr., POB 21502,
Geesthacht, Ger.; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org),Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79(5),
741-760, May 1998.
Describes WASA, a European project set up to verify or disprove the hypotheses of a
worsening storm and wave climate in the northeast Atlantic and adjacent seas in this
century. Concludes that the storm and wave climate in most of the region shows significant
decadal variations; it has roughened in recent decades, but present intensity seems
comparable to that at the beginning of the century. Part of the variability is related to
the North Atlantic oscillation.
Two related items in Nature, 392(6676), Apr. 9, 1998:
"A Greenhouse Warming Connection," R.J. Salawitch (Jet Propulsion Lab., 4800
Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena CA 91109; e-mail: email@example.com), 561-562. Discusses the
implications of the following paper and its tentative but worrisome conclusion.
"Increased Polar Stratospheric Ozone Losses and Delayed Eventual Recovery Owing to
Increased Greenhouse-Gas Concentrations," D.T. Shindell (NASA Goddard Inst. Space
Studies, 2880 Broadway, New York NY 10025; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org), D. Rind, P.
Lonergan, 589-592. Greenhouse gases warm the Earth's surface but cool the stratosphere,
and the chemical reactions responsible for ozone depletion are extremely sensitive to
temperature. Experiments with a global climate model suggest that increasing greenhouse
gas concentrations result in a more stable Arctic polar vortex, favorable for the cold
temperatures that encourage ozone loss. Projects that Arctic losses will peak between 2010
and 2019, roughly a decade after the maximum in stratospheric chlorine abundance. Also
discusses similar effects in the Antarctic.
"Who Will Fuel China?" T.E. Drennen (Sandia Natl. Labs.,
Albuquerque NM 87185; e-mail: email@example.com), J.D. Erickson,Science, 279(5356),
1483, Mar. 6, 1998.
Any climate protection resulting from the Kyoto treaty will depend on the future of
Chinese emissions. Limiting global emissions will require a sustained international
commitment to improve global energy efficiency and develop non-carbon emitting
technologies. Committing to the Kyoto targets for developed countries is the first step
toward eliciting the cooperation of developing countries.
"Dengue Fever Epidemic Potential as Projected by General Circulation
Models of Global Climate Change," J.A. Patz (John Hopkins Sch. Hygiene & Public
Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., Rm. 7041, Baltimore MD 21205), W.J.M. Martens et al.,Environ.
Health Perspectives, 106(3), 147-153, Mar. 1998.
Uses projections of temperature change from three GCMs to estimate changes in mosquito
density and transmission of dengue fever. Climate change will increase the epidemic
potential of dengue-carrying mosquitos, especially in regions bordering endemic zones in
latitude or altitude, and may increase hemorrhagic dengue in endemic locations.
"Elevation Change of the Southern Greenland Ice Sheet," B.H. Davis
(Dept. Electrical Eng., Univ. Missouri, 5605 Troost Ave., Kansas City MO 64110), C.A.
Kluever, B.J. Haines,Science, 279(5359), 2086-2088, Mar. 27, 1998.
Contrary to an earlier analysis, Seasat and Geosat altimeter measurements show that the
Greenland ice sheet is growing at less than 2 cm per year, a rate too slow to determine if
the sheet is undergoing a long-term change due to a warmer global climate.
"Climate Change and Insurance: A Critical Appraisal," R.S.J. Tol
(Inst. Environ. Studies, Vrije Univ., De Boelelaan 1115, NL-1081 HV, Amsterdam, Neth.),Energy
Policy, 26(3), 257-262, Feb. 1998.
Discusses several issues that relate these two topics. The impact of climate change on
the profitability of the commercial insurance sector is not likely to be severe, because
insurance companies are capable of shifting changed risks to the insured, provided they
are informed of the consequences of climate change in a timely manner.
"Developing Countries Are Combating Climate Change Actions in
Developing Countries That Slow Growth in Carbon Emissions," W.V. Reid (World Resour.
Inst., 1709 New York Ave. NW, Washington DC 20006), J. Goldemberg,Energy Policy, 26(3),
233-237, Feb. 1998.
Policy changes in developing countries since the 1992 signing of the climate convention
may have reduced their carbon emissions more than the industrialized countries have. A
major reason is energy price reforms that have led to substantial gains in production and
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