February 28, 2007
GCRIO Program Overview
Our extensive collection of documents.
Archives of the
Global Climate Change Digest
A Guide to Information on Greenhouse Gases and Ozone Depletion
Published July 1988 through June 1999
FROM VOLUME 12, NUMBER 4, APRIL 1999
In the April issue of its publication Short-Term Energy Outlook,
the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) projects electricity
demand to grow by 1.4% in 1999 and by 2.1% in 2000. That growth is below
the 2.4% annual growth observed between 1990 and 1998. It goes on to
predict that oil import dependence will reach 54% in 2000. In making this
prediction, the EIA assumes that domestic oil production will continue to
decline because of foreign competition, that normal weather conditions
will prevail, and that the economy will continue to grow at a modest rate.
The full report can be found at http://www.eia.doe.gov/steo.
The United Nations Environment Programme/Global Resource Information
Database (UNEP/GRID) North American node is located at the EROS Data
Center of the U.S. Geological Survey in Sioux Falls, N.D., a Federal
Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) clearinghouse. During the past couple of
years, GRID-Sioux Falls has been very active in the development and design
of timely and scientifically credible products support international
decision making. The clearinghouse provides access to data on population
and population density, topography, climate, soils, and vegetation. For
most databases, the user can see a graphic display of the data, read a
report on the topic of the data, and view the associated metadata (sources
and data-manipulation methods). The Clearinghouse is located at
Land and Marine Temperature Records
The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) has made
available the Global and Hemisphere Temperature Anomalies: Land and Marine
Instrumental Records database on its website at
The site includes tables and graphs of the data going from 1856 to 1998.
It also includes a description of how to obtain the data, summaries of the
graphic data, and references.
A large number of avalanches have occurred this year because of (1) high
levels of precipitation and (2) rapid springtime warming and snowmelt. The
Scout Report pulled together six websites that explain these
climatological phenomena and how to deal with them:
- Avalanche [requires RealPlayer and QuickTime] at
gives background information on avalanches; photographs, sounds, and
movies of avalanches and avalanche rescues; and firsthand accounts of
the causes and consequences of avalanches.
- In Avalanche Safety Basics at
the Westwide Avalanche Network presents the international code of
avalanche safety basics based on danger ratings developed by the USDA
- Proceedings: Management and Analysis of Snow, Avalanche, and Climate
Data at http://www.avalanche.org/~issw/96/contents.html
compiles the presentations made at the International Snow Science
Workshop on snow metamorphism, avalanche forecasting, driftometers,
avalanche dynamics, and case studies.
- The Northwest Weather and Avalanche Center website at
provides avalanche information for Washington, Oregon, and southern
- The Mountain Weather Data website at
provides hourly climatological snowdepth information for the Pacific
- And the Moonstone Snow and Avalanche Library at
covers information on avalanches from the basics to advanced research.
Antarctic Bibliographic Database
A subset of the Scott Polar Research Institute bibliographic database
SPRILIB has been brought up on the Web at
It contains 33,000 records from 1602 to 1996, providing comprehensive
coverage of the Antarctic literature through 1962 and extensive coverage
of the book and report literature after 1962. It is intended to complement
the Cold Regions Bibliography, which covers journal articles and
conference papers after 1962. The database can be searched by keyword,
author, time period, geographic region, or expedition.
The website Biodiversity: Measuring the Variety of Nature at
has been produced by the Natural History Museum in London to support the
1993 Convention on Biological Diversity. It has four main sections:
- Measuring biodiversity value,
- Measuring rarity and endemism,
- Assessing conservation priority and gap analysis, and
- Developments in biogeography.
Relevant approaches, methods, theories, and examples are discussed in
each of these sections, and the site contains an annotated bibliography
covering literature through to 1999. It also offers a free demo version of
Worldmap, a software package for working with large biological data sets
to explore geographic patterns in diversity, rarity, and conservation
The Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research at the University of
Colorado conducts interdisciplinary research on the biological, chemical,
and physical interactions of the arctic, alpine, and other regions. Its
website at http://instaar.colorado.edu/
discusses research on ecosystems, geophysics, past global change, and
geochronology. It also contains a bibliography of 1300 references on the
Niwot Ridge Long-Term Ecological Research site covering from 1900 to the
NOAA has brought up a website on La Niña, the cold counterpart of
El Niño in the cycle known as the Southern Oscillation. The websites
URL is http://www.elnino.noaa.gov/lanina.html.
It answers frequently asked questions about La Niña, shows
animations of changing ocean-temperature conditions, provides monthly U.S.
temperature and precipitation maps, predicts future climate patterns, and
describes the impacts of La Niña.
The joint NOAANASA Health, Ecological, and Economic Dimensions of
Global Change Program tracks major marine ecological disturbances and
disease outbreaks to better understand the causes and consequences of
environmental change and to assess the health- and market-related costs of
global change. It has instituted a website at
- The narrative report Marine Ecosystems: Emerging Diseases as
Indicators of Change,
- GIS maps, and
- Six data sets and a modeling framework with which to explore the
effects of climate, pollution, and trophodynamic shifts on marine
ecosystems and their attendant diseases.
MATTER is an acronym for the computer model MATerials Technologies for
greenhouse-gas Emissions Reduction. The complete models technology
database is available via Internet. It covers all GHG emissions in Western
Europe. The complete energy and materials system is characterized in
detail from cradle to grave for 1990 to 2050 at
The models input pages can be accessed at
which also contains links to background information. The site can be used
to analyze the relationships between the input and the output, which is
also online. Reports on final model runs are planned for summer and autumn
of this year.
Guide to Publishers
Index of Abbreviations