Department of Health and Human Services/National Institutes of Health Areas of Global Change Research. National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding supports research on health effects of CFC replacement chemicals and ultraviolet radiation, including studies in metabolism and toxicity of HCFCs and halogenated hydrocarbons; effects of UV exposure on the pathogenesis of disease and on target organs, especially skin and eyes; repair of solar UV radiation-related DNA damage in human cells; and effects of shorter wavelength UV radiation on photosensitivity in people who use many commonly prescribed drugs.
|HHS||Program Title||FY95||FY96||FY97 |
|NIH*||Human Health Effects of Exposure to UV Radiation||4.0||4.0||4.0|
* The National Institutes of Health devote approximately $28M per year to the study of the effects of UV-radiation on health. This research is sponsored by the National Cancer Institute, the National Eye Institute, the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletol and Skin Diseases, and the National Institute of Environmental; Health Sciences (NIEHS). While all of this research was included in the compilations for the USGCRP budget in the FY95 and FY96 editions of Our Changing Planet, for FY 97 only the component within NIEHS is included, since it is done primarily as a result of concerns about global environmental change. For this reason, the HHS/NIH contribution to the USGCRP budget for FY97 is now given as $4M; the entries for previous years have been adjusted for comparability.
Related Research. In addition to focused USGCRP research, NIH conducts research related to human health and other impacts of global environmental change, including toxicity and effects of metals and agricultural chemicals; health effects of air pollutants; metabolism, bio-transformation, and toxicity of pesticides; occupational exposure and health effects of materials used in alternative energy production; and infectious diseases, including encephalitis, malaria, dengue, lyme disease, and leishmaniasis, whose incidence would be affected by climate change.
Mapping of Budget Request to Appropriations Legislation. In the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, USGCRP activities are funded in the NIH section of Title II - Department of Health and Human Services, within the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences account.