National Science Foundation Areas of Global Change Research. NSF global change research programs support research and related activities that advance fundamental understanding of dynamic physical, biological, and socioeconomic systems, and the interactions among those systems. In addition to research on Earth system processes and the consequences of changes in those systems, NSF programs facilitate data-acquisition and data-management activities necessary for basic research on global change, the enhancement of modeling designed to improve representations of Earth system interactions, and the advancement of advanced analytic methods to facilitate fundamental research. NSF also supports fundamental research on the general processes used by governments and other organizations to identify and evaluate different types of policies for mitigation, adaptation, and other responses to changing global environmental conditions.
|Arctic System Science||14.2||14.2||15.0|
|Climate Modeling, Analysis & Prediction||11.5||11.7||12.0|
|Climate Variability and Predictability||12.2||11.5||11.4|
|Earth System History||9.0||9.4||10.2|
|Ecological Rates of Change||3.0||3.0||3.0|
|Global Ocean Ecosystems Dynamics||6.7||7.4||8.8|
|Global Tropospheric Chemistry Program||12.8||12.4||13.1|
|Greenhouse Gas Dynamics||0.2||0.2||0.2|
|Human Dimensions of Global Change||17.6||12.2||12.2|
|Joint Global Ocean Flux Study||16.8||19.4||20.1|
|Land-Margin Ecosystems Research||2.9||2.8||2.9|
|Methods and Models for Integrated Assessment||3.4||3.4||3.7|
|Polar Ozone Depletion/UV Radiation Effects||5.6||3.5||4.4|
|Regional Research Institutes||3.1||3.2||3.2|
|Ridge Interdisciplinary Global Experiments||4.0||3.7||3.3|
|Sea Level Changes||5.8||5.8||5.8|
|Water & Energy: Atmospheric-Vegetative-Earth Interactions||8.9||8.7||9.5|
|World Ocean Circulation Experiment||17.9||17.8||16.7|
Related Research. In addition to focused research, NSF conducts contributing research on many topics, including laboratory and field studies of the atmosphere and the factors that affect it; data management for scientific research and modeling activities; generation, transportation, and fate of chemicals in natural systems; long-term monitoring and detailed studies of ecosystems; geophysical, hydrological, geological, and geochemical processes operating on the Earth's surface; composition, structure, and history of ocean floors; and global environmental history.
Mapping of Budget Request to Appropriations Legislation. In the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Bill, NSF USGCRP activities are funded in the NSF section of Title III - Independent Agencies, within the NSF Research and Related Activities account.