Department of Commerce/National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and National Institute of Standards and Technology

Areas of Global Change Research. NOAA maintains a balanced program of observations, analytical studies, climate prediction, and information management through ongoing efforts in operational in situ  and satellite observations with an emphasis on oceanic and atmospheric dynamics (including sea level), circulation, and chemistry; focused research on ocean- atmosphere-land interactions, the global hydrological cycle, the role of ocean circulation and biogeochemical dynamics in climate change, atmospheric trace gas/climate interactions, and the response of marine ecosystems and living resources to climate change and related stress; improvements in climate modeling, prediction, and information management capabilities; projection and assessment of seasonal to interannual and decadal to centennial environmental change; global change economics and human dimensions research; and archiving, management, and dissemination of data and information useful for global change research. NIST research focuses on physical properties of CFC alternatives and on engineering system design of systems utilizing CFC alternatives.

DOC Program Title FY96 FY97 FY98
NIST Ozone and UV Radiation: Chemically Induced Changes 0.9 1.0 1.0
NOAA Aerosols 1.1 1.2 1.2
NOAA Atmospheric Chemistry Project 6.4 6.8 7.0
NOAA Climate Change Data and Detection 3.9 4.2 4.3
NOAA Climate Dynamics and Experimental Prediction 13.9 13.3 13.7
NOAA Climate Observations 8.0 10.0 10.3
NOAA Climate Variability 11.6 10.7 11.1
NOAA Economics and Human Dimensions of Climate Fluctuations 1.3 1.4 1.4
NOAA Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment 4.6 5.0 5.2
NOAA Marine Ecosystems Response 0.4 0.0 0.0
NOAA Ocean-Atmosphere Carbon Exchange Study 2.4 2.7 2.8
NOAA Paleoclimatology 3.9 4.0 4.1
Total  58.4 60.3
President's Request  89.6 70.9 62.3
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

FY98 Program Highlights. Reduction of the uncertainty surrounding climate variations that occur on timescales of seasons to centuries, in particular the rate and magnitude of change, enhances the capacity of climate- sensitive sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, reinsurance, water management, and human health to plan for and adjust to fluctuations in rainfall and temperature patterns. In FY98, NOAA will continue to advance the scientific understanding essential for the development of sound policies through several activity streams, including 1) understanding and predicting climate variability on seasonal to interannual time scales and 2) understanding and assessing decadal and longer climate variability.

NOAA's research elements are designed to generate a predictive understanding of the integrated Earth system: 1) Climate Dynamics and Experimental Prediction; 2) Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System (GOALS); 3) Atlantic Climate Change Program (ACCP); 4) Global Continental-Scale International Project of the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GCIP/GEWEX); 5) Climate Observations; 6) Climate Change Data and Detection; 7) Economics and Human Dimensions of Climate Fluctuations; 8) Atmospheric Chemistry; 9) Ocean-Atmosphere Carbon Exchange Study; 10) Paleoclimatology; and 11) Aerosols.

In partnership with other agencies and countries, NOAA will continue to advance activities associated with the "International Forum on Forecasting El Niño: Launching an International Research Institute," held November 6-8, 1995, in Washington, D.C. The Forum called for the establishment of an International Research Institute (IRI) for climate prediction to extend technical capacity in fields relevant to climate forecasting and to foster the creation of a worldwide network with "end- to-end" capabilities in climate science and applications in support of sustainable economic growth. The development of the multinational network of research and applications activities associated with the IRI is a critical component of NOAA's global change program, providing an integrating point for the observations, modeling, assessment, and process studies and social science research conducted under the stewardship of the Climate and Global Change program.

Related Research. In addition to focused USGCRP research, NOAA contributing programs include advance short-term weather forecasting and warning services; prediction and observation systems in support of weather and seasonal to interannual climate forecasts; facilitating the dissemination of global change information; and strengthening facets of environmental technology. NIST also has ongoing programs in atmospheric chemistry.

Mapping of Budget Request to Appropriations Legislation. In the Departments of Commerce, Justice, and State, the Judiciary, and Related Agencies Appropriations Bill, NOAA and NIST USGCRP activities are funded under Title II-Department of Commerce and Related Agencies, within the NOAA Operations, Research, and Facilities and NIST Scientific and Technical Research and Services accounts. In Appropriations Committee reports, funding for NOAA's USGCRP activities is included as part of the Climate and Air Quality Research budget within Oceanic and Atmospheric Research.