Department of Defense

Areas of Global Change Research. DOD provides unique capabilities and programs that concurrently satisfy Defense mission requirements and stated USGCRP goals. DOD funding is planned and programmed on the basis of meeting national security research requirements; but, because the research results nevertheless contribute to understanding of global change, the associated research amounts are shown below. Four research themes that capitalize on DOD capabilities have historically been associated with USGCRP goals: Boundary Layer Dynamics (BLD), High Latitude Dynamics (HLD), Ocean Measurements (OM), and Regional Resolving Models (RRM).

DOD Program Title FY96 FY97 FY98
ONR BLD/Marine Aerosols 1.0 1.0 1.0
ONR BLD/Ocean Ecological Dynamics 1.0 0.5 0.0
ONR HLD/Arctic Acoustic Properties 0.0 3.0* 0.0
ONR HLD/Arctic Ice Dynamics 2.0 1.0 0.5
ONR HLD/Arctic Marine Sediments 0.3 0.2 0.0
CRREL HLD/Impact of Climate Change on Energy Fluxes 0.1 0.1 0.0
ONR HLD/SCICEX Submarine Data Collection 0.0 0.5 0.7
ONR OM/Coastal Remote Sensing 0.0 0.0 1.0
ONR OM/North Pacific Accoustic Laboratory 0.0 2.0* 1.0
CRREL RRM/Coupled Hydrologic and Thermal Models 0.2 0.1 0.0
ONR RRM/Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Models 1.4 1.4 1.5
Total  6.0 9.8
President's Request  6.4 5.9 5.7
*Funded above 1997 budget request (Congressional add-on).
CRREL Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory
ONR Office of Naval Research

FY98 Program Highlights. Fundamental research sponsored in DOD is specifically tailored to Defense mission requirements, but may concurrently address issues significant to the USGCRP. For FY98, an Arctic ice camp associated with the ongoing interagency, interdisciplinary Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic (SHEBA) project is proposed. A joint program with NSF using a specially configured submarine to collect in situ  data under the Arctic ice canopy (SCICEX) will continue in FY98. In-house and extramural investigators addressing marine aerosol dynamics in the open ocean and the littoral atmospheric boundary layer will be supported. Long baseline acoustic thermometry methods will be employed to establish real-time monitoring of North Pacific Ocean temperature structure via the North Pacific Acoustic Laboratory project. The Naval Oceanographic Modeling Program (NOMP) will continue development of Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere models at regional spatial scales in FY98; these regional models could serve as stable modules for global general circulation models. All data and results from these Defense research efforts are routinely made available to the civil science community.

Related Research. DOD-sponsored research, not shown in the table above, also contributes to observing, understanding, and predicting processes related to seasonal to interannual global change. Associated programs include observing and monitoring unique middle and upper atmosphere phenomena; fundamental research in physical and biological oceanography; terrestrial and sea ice modeling; solar influences; global cloud specification/modeling; and a unique program to review classified data sets that could be made available to the research community.

Mapping of Budget Request to Appropriations Legislation. In the Department of Defense Appropriations Bill, research associated with the USGCRP is funded under Title IV-Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation. In Appropriations Committee reports, nearly all funding is included within the budget for Defense Research Sciences.