US Climate Change Science Program Updated 13 November 2007

North American carbon budget and
implications for the global carbon cycle
[also known as the Prototype State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR) focused on North America]

Final Report, Synthesis and Assessment Product 2.2

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The First State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR): The North American Carbon Budget and Implications
for the Global Carbon Cycle
. A Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research [King, A.W., L. Dilling, G.P. Zimmerman, D.M. Fairman, R.A. Houghton, G. Marland, A.Z. Rose, and T.J. Wilbanks (eds.)]. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Climatic Data Center, Asheville, NC, USA, 242 pp.  Printed copies will be available Winter 2008.  Orders currently being accepted via GCRIO Online Catalog.

See also Government Science Panel Publishes Report on North America’s Carbon Budget, press release (dtd 13 November 2007) from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), or download the Summary and Frequently Asked Questions brochure.


Final Report

Note: All links are to PDF files.

Entire Report [10 Mb]

Frontmatter [754 Kb]

Executive Summary [737 Kb]


Entire Part I [2 Mb]

  • Chapter 1: What Is the Carbon Cycle and Why Care? [417 Kb]
  • Chapter 2: The Carbon Cycle of North America in a Global Context [645 Kb]
  • Chapter 3: The North American Carbon Budget Past and Present [551 Kb]
  • Chapter 4: What Are the Options That Could Significantly Affect the North American
    Carbon Cycle? [533 Kb]
  • Chapter 5: How Can We Improve the Usefulness of Carbon Science for Decision Making? [438 Kb]


Entire Part II [2 Mb]

  • Overview: An Introduction to CO2 Emissions From Fossil Fuels [517 Kb]
  • Chapter 6: Energy Extraction and Conversion [384 Kb]
  • Chapter 7: Transportation [729 Kb]
  • Chapter 8: Industry and Waste Management [705 Kb]
  • Chapter 9: Buildings [598 Kb]


Entire Part III [3 Mb]

  • Overview: The Carbon Cycle in Land and Water Systems [162 Kb]
  • Chapter 10: Agricultural and Grazing Lands [483 Kb]
  • Chapter 11: North American Forests [662 Kb]
  • Chapter 12: Carbon Cycles in the Permafrost Regions of North America [855 Kb]
  • Chapter 13: Wetlands [569 Kb]
  • Chapter 14: Human Settlements and the North American Carbon Cycle [537 Kb]
  • Chapter 15: Coastal Oceans [779 Kb]

Supporting Materials

Appendices A through G [628 Kb]

  • Appendix A: Historical Overview of the Development of United States, Canadian, and Mexican
    Ecosystem Sources and Sinks for Atmospheric Carbon [130 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 3)
  • Appendix B: Eddy-Covariance Measurements Now Confirm Estimates of Carbon Sinks From
    Forest Inventories [130 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 3)
  • Appendix C: Industry and Waste Management - Supplemental Material [166 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 8)
  • Appendix D: Ecosystem Carbon Fluxes [112 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 11)
  • Appendix E: Principles of Forest Management for Enhancing Carbon Sequestration [140 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 11)
  • Appendix F: Wetlands - Supplemental Materials [337 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 13)
  • Appendix G: New pCO2 Database for Coastal Ocean Waters Surrounding North America [81 Kb]
    (Supplemental to Chapter 15)

Glossary and Acronyms [119 Kb]

References [727 Kb]



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